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Greek Art, Culture, Architecture and Philosophy
Philosophy was what the Golden age of Greece was best known for. The three greatest philosophers were Aristotle, Plato and Socrates. Socrates was willing to radically challenge the cultural norms of his time, which finally resulted in him being sentenced to death by poison for "corrupting the youth" of Athens. Plato, Socrates' student, is the next major philosopher of the Golden Age of the Greeks. Plato's accounts of Socrates, his treatise on government called "The Republic" and his concept of "forms" versus material reality is still studied by philosophy students today. While Aristotle was never a citizen of Athens, he lived in Athens for much of his life and was Plato's student. Aristotle's writing about politics, literature and the natural world paved the way for future thinkers and scientists. The most significant advances in art during the Greek Golden Age were in sculpture, architecture and pottery. Greek sculpture during this time moved from a rigid, unnatural form to more realistic and natural human forms, as demonstrated in famous surviving sculptures such as the Venus de Milo. Greek architecture is known for its "post and lintel" style, in which a horizontal block is laid across pillars or columns. The three major styles are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.
Best Part of Athens
Athenians kept record and history for future generation unlike Sparta who did not keep any history. Unlike Athens, Sparta strict laws were instituted to govern the people. These laws were designed to encourage self-discipline and endurance within the Spartan people. These laws controlled the lives of Spartans from birth to death. Babies were examined at birth to see if they were healthy. If not, they were left in the hills to die. All fit children stayed with their mothers until their seventh birthdays. Then the boys were sent to army barracks, and their training began. They are sent into the army at the age of 20 and were made to serve until the age of 60. The democracy made live in Athens very comfortable and interesting.