By: Alex Swords

What is a concussion?

Right now your brain is surrounded by a cushioning layer of spinal fluid and is floating inside your skull. If your you hit your head your brain can move around and if hit hard enough can bang the inside of your skull. This is a called concussion.

Who gets concussions?

Around 3.4 million americans have gotten a concussion in the past year and the numbers are growing. High school players alone get 100,000 diagnosed concussions per year. Women get more than men but anyone can get a concussion for example womans soccer is responsible for almost 12% of all team sport concussions concussions. Many people are worried about the encasing number of concussions in sports like football.

  • 5-10% of athletes will experience a concussion in any given sport season
  • Football is the most common sport with concussion risk for males (75% chance for concussion)
  • Soccer is the most common sport with concussion risk for females (50% chance for concussion)

What happens to your brain when you get a concussion?

Concussions 101, a Primer for Kids and Parents

Signs and Symptoms

  • "seeing stars" and feeling dazed, dizzy, or lightheaded

  • memory loss, such as trouble remembering things that happened right before and after the injury

  • nausea or vomiting

  • headaches

  • blurred vision and sensitivity to light

  • slurred speech or saying things that don't make sense

  • difficulty concentrating, thinking, or making decisions

  • difficulty with coordination or balance (such as being unable to catch a ball or other easy tasks

  • feeling anxious or irritable for no apparent reason

  • feeling overly tired


When you go to your doctor with a head trauma thought to be a concussion they will recommend a test to see see if you have a concussion or not and how bad it may be. The test will measure the persons verbal and visual memories there processing speed and there reaction time.

There are two types of concussions, a simple concussion and a complex concussion.

Simple Concussion: A person with a simple concussion has symptoms that last from 6-10 days.

Complex concussion: A person with a complex concussion has symptoms that last longer than 10 days and or loses conciseness for longer than 1 min. Or even someone that has had a concussion in the past.


For a concussion there is no treatment. There are just steps to make sure the patient makes a full recovery.

  • no activity
  • light aerobic exercise, such as walking or stationary cycling (no resistance training)
  • sports-specific exercise (for example, running in soccer, skating in hockey)
  • non-contact training drills
  • full contact training after medical clearance

Multiple Concussions

Having more than one concussion is dangerouse. If a person gets one concussion that person is 1-2 times more likely to get another. A person with two is 2-4 times more likely. A person with three concussions is 3-9 times more likely to get another.