President Johnson

Reconstruction Plan

Overview of Johnson´s plan

Johnson's Reconstruction program offered general amnesty to all who would take an oath of future loyalty.

The Freedmenś Bureau

The Freedmen's Bureau was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War


Johnson's Response- he vetoed this bureau

Civil Rights Act



      a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.




    Johnson´s response- vetoed this act, but was over ruled


Black codes

laws passed by the South in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.


3 examples-

- Civil Rights- had the right to acquire, own , and dispose of property

- Labor contracts- a form required that the wages and the term of service be in writing, the contract had to be approved by a judge.

Written response

I would say life for the slaves were a little better, but not a significant amount. Slaves may be freed men now, but they were still treated like animals. They were separated from the whites through a process called segregation. They were put in different schools, had to use different bathrooms and also had to use different water fountains. So they were free, but they still had to do hard labor and instead of getting fed they are getting barely enough money to feed themselves.