Fragile X Syndrome

Affected individuals tend to be mentally handicapped.

Also known as Martin-Bell Syndrome

Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic disorder.

-An inherited condition characterized by an X chromosome that is abnormally susceptible to damage, esp. by folic acid deficiency. (googledefinition.com)

-The most widespread single-gene cause of autism and inherited cause of mental retardation(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fragile_X_syndrome)

-More common in males.

How children receive Fragile X Syndrome

-Fragile X syndrome is caused by an abnormality in a single gene. In 1991, a researcher supported by the March of Dimes discovered that fragile X syndrome is caused by a mutation (change) in a gene called FMR-1 located on the X chromosome (6)

(http://www.marchofdimes.com/baby/birthdefects_fragilex.html)

SYMPTOMS (look at illustration)

Big image

Common Symtoms

Elongated Face, Large prominent ears, Crossed eyed, hyper extensible Joints, enlarged testicles(in males), Flat feet.

TREATMENT


There is no specific treatment for Fragile X syndrome. Instead, training and education have been developed to help affected children function at as high a level as possible

(http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/fragile-x-syndrome/)