Greek Cultural Contributions

Chloe Parker

Architecture

Greek architecture was know for its columns. There were three types, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the great spread the Greek architecture through out Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capitol Building, Supreme Court and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.

Government

In ancient Greece they had a direct democracy. To be a leader you had to be a free, white, male over the age of 18 who were Athenian citizens. They also had to participate in the government. Every year a new leader was chosen by a lottery system. There was slavery in ancient Greece. Some wars that occurred were the Persian, and Pehophnesian wars.

We see Greek influence in our government today. we have a democracy, and once you are a certain age (18) to take part in the government. We also have a term limit for how long our rulers can rule.

Sports

To play sports in ancient Greece you had to be a free, white, Greek male citizen. Athletes would play include, jumping, discus, wrestling, boxing, Pan Kration, horse chariot racing, running, pentathlon, and javel. Unmarried women, men and boys were allowed to watch sports. It was also said that the gods watched sports. Athletic competition was developed in honor of the god, Zeus. The citizens of ancient Greece made statues to honor the athletes and had parades.

Greek sports are reflected today through the Olympics. We have many similar events that they had in ancient Greece including javelin, shot put, running, long jump, and horse racing.

Mythology

Greek mythology was used to explain the unexplainable things that happened in the world. Heroes of ancient Greece include Hercules, Theseus, Odysseus, and Perseus. Major gods include Zeus god of the sky, Posiden god of the sea, Hades god of the dead, Aphrodite goddess of love, Athena goddess of wisdom, Ares god of war, Apollo god of music, Artemis goddess of the hunt, Hermes the messenger god, and Hera goddess of marriage. Apollo of Athens is said to be the one who wrote mythology. when the ancient Greeks died they were sent to the underworld were they were judged.

Ancient Greek mythology is reflected in many things such as the Percy Jackson books the Percy Jackson movies, the movie Hercules, and we study it in school today.

Philosophy

Philosophers in ancient Greece include Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, Euclid, and Zeno. Some things that philosophers taught included the following, Zeno taught that the universe is one. Plato taught that nothing ever changes Finally Socrates taught don't pretend to be something your not. Questions asked by Greek philosophers were, who are we, how can we be happy, and does the universe have a purpose. Most people were afraid of philosophers, including the government.

Ancient Greek philosophy is reflected through the science of today. We use the pi theory in mathematics. Doctors use part of the perocrotic oath, and we study geometry.