Reading Study Guide

By: Faith Washington

Strategies For Poetry

1. List all the words you know

2. Count how many stanzas there are

3. Read the poem at least 2 times

4. Ask yourself what is the central idea

Testing Tips

1. Take a deep breath when you get stressed.

2.Use a highlighter for word that are important.

3.Look at the questions before you read the passage.

4. Read it more than once.


6. Eliminate 2 answers that do not make sense.

7. Go with your first instinct.

Key Words and Definitions

Central idea-What the passage is mostly about.

Ex: The central idea or, the main idea of this passage is .....

Context clues-Thing the author uses to help you understand a word.

Ex: The girl influenced the way her sister acted (influenced-effect)

Inference- Means to predict what will happen next

Ex: The class inferred that it was going to be a storm.

Figurative Language with examples

Simile- Comparing to things with using the word like or as. Ex: His shirt was a green as a leaf.

Metaphor- comparing two thing without using the word like or as. Ex: all the worlds a stage.

Alliteration- The occurence of using the same letters at the begging of a word. Ex: Peter pIper pickled a peck of pickled peppers.

onomatopoeia - Word associate with a sound. Ex: Buzz,whoa

Hyperbole- exaggerated statements. Ex: I had a ton of chores to do

Personification- Giving nature or human characteristics of something nonhuman. Ex: The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.

Idiom- A group of words established by usage as having a meaning and to not be taken literally. Ex: Cut the chase

Assonance- A repetition of a sound of a vowel. Ex: He gives his harness bells a shake

Pun- Multiple meanings of a word. Ex: Santa's helpers are known as surbordinate clauses.

Paired Passage strategies

1. What is the authors technique

2. Vocabulary in context clues

3. What is the big picture

4. What is the little picture.

Authors Purpose

The authors purpose is to inform readers to get interested in what the passage is about.


Theme is the life lesson

Central Idea

The central idea is what the passage is mostly about

Positive connotation and Negative

Positive connotation- The emotions and association connected to a word is known as its connotative meaning. Depending if it positive

Negative connotation- The emotion and association connected to a word is known as its connotative meaning. Depending if its negative

Tone And Mood

Mood- Is the atmosphere of the story.

Tone- The authors attitude towards the topic.

Main idea

What the passage is mostly about