Diabetes

Less sugar, less chance of getting diabetes

ALL ABOUT DIABETES

Diabetes is a lifelong condition due to lack of insulin. Insulin is a hormone which is made by the pancreas that allows the body to use sugar from carbohydrates in the food consumed by a person for energy or to store glucose for future use. Also, it helps to keep the blood sugar level from getting too high or too low. When the pancreas makes little amount of insulin to allow all the sugar in the blood to get into the muscle and other cells to produce energy, the sugar cannot get into the cells to be used therefore it builds up in the bloodstream which is why diabetes is categorized by high blood sugar levels.

There are two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2.
Type 1: It occurs when it does not produce any insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. According to NHS, 10 per cent of people have type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms
1) Excessive thirst
2) Itchiness around penis and vagina area
3) Blurred Vision
4) Cramps
5) Skin infection
6) Nausea/ Dizziness
7) Weight Loss
Treatment
1) Insulin pump therapy
2) Islet cell transplantation
3) Regular Exercise
4) Healthy, balanced diet.

Type 2: It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells in the body do not react to insulin. In contrast to Type 1 it is diagnosed in older people. According to NHS there are 3.9 million people living with diabetes in the UK of which 90% is affected by Type 2.
Symptoms
1) Yeast infections
2) Fatigue
3) Dizziness
4) Slow healing of cuts and wounds
5) Blurred vision
6) Sudden weight loss
7) Often feeling hungry and thirsty
Treatment
1) Healthy balanced diet
2) Regular Exercise
3) Stop Smoking
4) Insulin injections

Effects of Diabetes

Diabetes can have many negative impacts such as lifestyle, job, emotions and relationships.For safety reasons, there are some occupations that are unsuited with diabetes and insulin injections such as professional diving, flying aero planes and driving.Also,employers might try to make it difficult for the person with diabetes to continue their role in the job by discriminating however for such unfair treatment there are campaigns, communities, authorities you can talk to.