Red Scare 1920's

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti


The Red scare was a time period in the 1919's to the 1920's when people were afraid of communism. Anyone who was supporting/believing communism were called "reds". There was a nationwide fear of communists, socialists, and anarchists. Any Person who was thought to be any of them were put in jail.

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti

Sacco and Vanzetti were known to be anarchists and when they were arrested they both had loaded guns on them. The judge at their trial – Judge Thayer – was known to hate the “Reds” (aka Communists). During the trial 61 people claimed that they saw both men at the robbery/murders. But 107 people claimed that they had seen both men elsewhere, when the crime was committed. Regardless of this, both men were found guilty and sentenced to the death penalty. They spent 7 years in prison while their lawyers appealed, but in vain. Despite many public protests and petitions, both men were executed by electric chair on August 24th, 1927.

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Bolshevik Revolution in Russia was where Russia was switching to socialism. Americans were afraid that America would turn to socialism. Any person tho was thought to be a socialist was put in prison.