Concussion

Daniel Lowe

Concussion

A brain injury due to violent shaking or blow to the head.

Feild treatment

Romberg test: Have patient close eyes and keep feet together, if the patient does not keep his or her balance usually means the patient has a concussion.

Tandem Gait test: have athlete walk heel to toe for approximately 5 feet, failure to preform is a indication of concussion


Hospital treatment

Depends on severity, usually takes athlete out of play or school. May tell athlete to avoid stimulation and prescribe dark glasses.

Prevention

Wear properly fitting head protection when playing sports, also mouth guards have been said to prevent Concussions.

statistics

  • 90% of most diagnosed concussions do not involve a loss of consciousness
  • 4 to 5 million concussions occur annually, with rising numbers among middle school athletes
  • 33% of all sports concussions happen at practice