Hmong Immigrants in Minnesota

By Giana Roberts

Push and Pull Factors

Push factors

  • Laos is a super poor nation
  • They didn't like the new communist government
  • Electricity is limited
Pull Factors


  • Job opportunities
  • Freedom from the government
  • Cultural expression


Following the Vietnam war, the country of Laos was in the middle of switching there government to a communist government. The new government did not like the Hmong and made them work under horrible conditions. A lot of Hmong refugees escaped to America to get away from the communist punishment.

Ravenstein's Laws of Migration

Laws that do apply to the Hmong


  • Migrants traveling long distances usually settle in urban areas
  • Most migration is rural to urban
  • Most international migrants are young males
  • Migrating in steps
Laws that don't apply to the Hmong
  • Counter flow
  • Short distance

Over 60,000 Hmong are living in Minnesota and half of them live in St Paul making it the largest urban population of Hmong in the world

Where the Hmong are Working

The Hmong are starting there own businesses and bringing a lot of money to Minnesota. Hmong relatives often pool their resources and money to acquire homes,cars, and businesses.

Challenges For the Hmong in Minnesota

It is a challenge to find a balance between old and new because older generations of hmong immigrants are seeking to preserve their traditional culture and their children who are adopting American customs aren't as “traditional" anymore

The Country of Laos

Picture of Some Hmong Women