Amendments 1 and 7

Keeping Lives and Trials Fair!

The First Amendment

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. This amendment addresses all citizens of the United States."


This amendment basically outlines the rights to a fair and equal life. You will never be prohibited from exercising your religion, nor will you be made superior because of it. You will always have the freedom of speech and of press; your voice will never be silenced. You will never lose the right to have a peaceful gathering, and you will never be unable to petition the Congress for change. By having these freedoms, we as citizens of the United States, will never be oppressed-- we will always have our natural-born rights!


The First Amendment was submitted for ratification to the colonies on September 25, 1789, and adopted on December 15, 1791. It was added mostly because of the Anti- Federalist thought that the citizens' rights were inadequately supported in the Constitution. As well as serving to appease the minds of Anti- Federalists, it appeased the country as a whole; now the citizens of the US would be guaranteed these "unalienable rights"!

The Seventh Amendment

The Seventh Amendment

"In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law." This amendment also addresses all citizens of the United States.


This amendment states that a citizen will always have the right to trial by jury when the concerned monetary value is above a certain number (in this case $20). It also states that the citizen will never be tried for the same crime twice, also protected by double-jeopardy, unless there are outstanding circumstances which would require such a retrial. Such outstanding circumstances may be a witness who admits to perjury, or new evidence that would have been extremely helpful in turning the case to one direction or another.


The seventh amendment was passed for ratification along with the first amendment on September 25, 1789 and was ratified on December 15, 1791. Like the first amendment, this amendment was made to appease the Anti-Federalists as well as the country by supplying them with another "unalienable right". The citizens of the US understand that they will always have the right to a fair trial, as the sixth amendment asserts, but that they will never be tried for the same crime more than once.

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