By: Dylan L., Dakota D., Austin R., Matt M.
Our Basic Idea...
The ultimate goal of every parent is to raise children into happy and successful adults. As children grow up, their mental habits develop with huge influence from the actions of their parents. This influence highly affects the abilities of children to grasp skills that will help them traverse life in the future. The ideal method of child rearing is one that balances the pros and cons of both authority and generosity, maintaining control while keeping the children’s perspectives and interests in mind. Authoritative parenting is this balance, the middle ground between authoritarian and permissive parenting
The Difference Between Authoritarian and Permissive?
According to an academic article by Jeanne Ballantine, a professor of sociology at Wright State University, authoritarian parenting is defined as being demanding, but unresponsive to the feelings of the child. Children are excluded from any decision making, and an atmosphere of mistrust is often prevalent between parent and child. Rules are non-negotiable and punishments corporeal. The overall result of this parenting style is an absence of intimacy which could lead to insecurities and lack of problem-solving abilities for youth later in life (Ballantine). An article by Alfred Lubrano, published in 2013 in the Philadelphia Times, asserts that such harsh parents actually cause physiological damage to the growing brain, slowly deteriorating the regions that process emotion like a poison (Lubrano). Ballantine defines permissive parenting as the polar opposite of authoritarian. These parents strive to shield their children from any discomfort whatsoever, and flex to their every demand. They often hide the truth when they believe the child could not handle it, but generally lack significant control of parent-child situations. This method is problematic due to the fact that once these youth grow up, they lack the necessary coping skills to confront the issues and stresses of adult life (Ballantine). While authoritarian and permissive parenting are entirely opposing methodologies, they both result in the same issue: namely, the production of psychologically unprepared adults.
The Authoritarian Type of Parenting
The Permissive Type of Parenting
So what is permissive parenting? According to Newsrx permissive or neglectful parenting is defined as a style of parenting in which parents are very involved with their children but place few demands or controls on them (NewsRx). Permissive parents don't have clear guidelines for children to follow like no set rules for things like curfews.When children misbehave or get in trouble whether that be in school or with the law, little to no punishment is inflicted as a consequence of the act. Unlike authoritarian parenting, permissive allows students to express themselves and have to freedom to grow. But although this seems nice in theory, children are more often than not left unguided and therefore make bad decisions that actually hurt them in currently and later in life. Although it may seem relaxing, NewsRx claims “neither permissive nor authoritarian parenting has been linked to positive outcomes, presumably because both minimize opportunities for children to learn to cope with stress” (NewsRx).Meaning this can actually increase stress levels. They later go on to claim that, children in permissive/indulgent households may lack the direction and guidance necessary to develop appropriate morals and goals, which is essential for the growth and development of children. A 2011 study has linked permissive parenting to lower activity levels in children and higher overall BMI ratings(UJi). Uji summarizes this data by saying “Neglectful parents don’t respond to the child’s needs and make relatively few demands. The data shows clearly that this parenting style has been associated with the most negative outcomes for children”(UJi)
The Authoritative Type of Parenting
Why Authoritative Should be the Ultimate Goal of Parents
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