The Female Reproductive System

By: Liz Pautz

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Functions

  • Produces female egg cells
  • Designed to transport egg to fertilization
  • Pregnancy or menstruate
  • Produces female sex hormones

Menstrual Cycle

  • Shedding of uterus lining
  • Blood from uterus to small opening in cervix
  • 3 to 5 days

Major Organs

  • Uterus - home to developing fetus
  • Vagina - "birth canal"
  • Ovaries - produce eggs and hormones
  • Fallopian Tubes - fertilization takes place
  • Cervix - connects uterus to vagina
  • Vulva - external opening

Eggs in a female = 1 to 2 million

What happens during egg fertilization?

  • 1,000 sperm make it most of the way
  • Only one fallopian tube has egg
  • Enzyme breaks down egg membrane
  • Electric signal
  • Cortical granules

Answer Key to Questions

  1. What happens during the menstrual cycle?

    The body sheds the lining of the uterus which causes bleeding for 3 to 5 days.

  2. What organ produces the egg cells and hormones?

    Ovaries

  3. Where does fertilization normally occur?

    Fallopian Tubes

  4. How many eggs does a woman have?

    1 to 2 million eggs

  5. Where does the fertilized egg implant in?

    Uterus