The President and Executive Branch

The President and Vice President

Qualifications and Electing a President

  1. Must be at least 35 years old
  2. Native Born American Citizen
  3. A resident of the United States for at least 14 years


  • Presidential Elections take place every 4 years
  • Constitution sets up the Electoral College. Each state appoints electors.
  • Electoral votes=total number of senators and representatives
  • 538 electors-must win 270

Term of Office


  • 4 year terms-each president can only serve 2 terms
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt served 4 terms-Twenty second amendment


The Vice President

Qualifications are the same and the constitution gives little authority

Becomes president if the President resigns, dies, is removed, or becomes sick


Discussion

The constitutional requirements for the president and vice president are the same. Why is this so?

Presidential Succession

John Tyler-first vice president to become President

After vice president-the speaker of the house, president pro tempore, then the secretary of the state


Twenty-Fifth Amendment


  • If President dies or leaves office, the vice president becomes president
  • The new president chooses a vice president
  • Senate and House must approve the choice


Discussion

Do you think voters are given enough say in the choice of vice president?


Assignment

Answer this question with a paragraph. What did John Adams mean by saying, "I am vice president. In this I am nothing, but I may become everything"?

The President's Job

Constitutional Powers

The Constitution give president power-main job is to execute, and carry out the laws


  • Veto bills
  • Call Congress to session
  • Commander in Chief
  • Receive leaders and officials of foreign countries
  • Make Treaties
  • Appoints government officials
  • Pardon or reduce penalties



President gives State of the Union address


Discussion

Should the president have more power than what the Constitution gives him or her? Why?

Roles of the President

Chief Executive
  • Carry out the laws passed by Congress
  • Issue Executive Orders
  • Appoint Judges
  • Grant pardons, issue a reprieve, and grant amnesty


Chief Diplomat

  • Directs foreign policy


Commander in Chief

  • In charge of the armed forces (army, navy, marines, air force, and coast guard)
  • Can order soldiers into battle



Legislative Leader

  • Has a legislative program-new laws he wants Congress to pass



Head of State

  • Visits foreign officials
  • Carries out ceremonial functions



Economic Leader

  • Deals with unemployment, rising prices, high taxes
  • Plans Federal Government's budget



Party Leader

  • leader of his or her political party



Discussion
Which role of the President do you think is the least important? why?