Special Services Update


The Practices That Didn't Make the Cut...

Wrapping up our discussion of educational practices for students with autism, here are the educational practices that currently have insufficient evidence to demonstrate efficacy.

1. Aided language modeling: use of several augmentative and alternative communication strategies (e.g. pointing with finger, use of communication system and vocalization).

2. Auditory integration training: systematic exposure to modulated tones resulting in changes in parent reported problem behavior.

3. Collaborative coaching: systematic consultation across years to promote achievement of IEP goals.

4. Cooperative learning groups: academic learning tasks organized around joint activities and goals.

5. Exposure: increasing (for accelerating behaviors) or decreasing (for decelerating behaviors) the stimulus intensity or conditions to promote the occurrence of the desired response.

6. Handwriting Without Tears: multisensory activities promoting fine motor and writing skills.

7. Music intensity: different levels of music volume used to affect vocal stereotypy.

8. Schema-based strategy instruction: cognitive strategy for establishing mental representations to promote addition and subtraction.

9. Self-regulated strategy development writing intervention: instructional package involving explanation of strategy and self management to teach writing skills.

10. Sensory diet: sensory based activities integrated into child routines to meet sensory needs.

11. Sensory integration and fine motor intervention: therapeutic activities characterized by enhanced sensation, especially tactile, vestibular, and proprioceptive, active participation and adaptive interaction paired with individual fine motor intsruction from OT.

12. Sentence combining technique: instructional package including teacher modeling, student practice, and worksheet to increase adjective use in writing.

13. Test-taking strategy instruction: instructional package involving modeling, mnemonic devices, verbal practice sessions, controlled practice sessions, advanced practice sessions.

14. Theory of Mind training: structured training and practice of using theory of mind skills that includes a parent component.

15. Touch-point instruction: tactile and number line materials used to introduce math and numeracy concepts.

16. Touch therapy: systematic touching or massage.

What does it all mean? Tune in next week.

Jennifer F. Connolly, Ph.D.

Director of Special Services