Egypt , Algeria , Nigeria , and Ghana


Egypt is across the Red Sea from Saudi Arabia.Islam is now the major and the official religion in Egypt. Muslisms believe that the Quaran , their holy book, contains the words of God. Muslisms pray 5 times a day .Praying and Fasting are the 2 ways that Egyptian muslisms have brought their religion into their daily lives. About half of all Egyptians live in cities .Many people move to the cities from rural areas.They hope to find jobs and better education . In the rural areas of Egypt most people live in villages along the Nile or the Suez Canal .Most villagers make their living by farming .


The Berbers and the Arabs are Algeria's two main ethnic groups. The importance of family is common to both groups. The present-day city life contrasts with the old traditions of rural farming and the roaming life of the nomads. Most rural Berbers make a living by farming and herding.People that live n cities where mosques and open-air marketplaces called souqs. Older parts of the cities are called casbahs.The mix between old and new, Berber and Arab, is where the future of Algeria lies.


Nigeria, the most populous country in all of Africa, is a country of many languages and ethnic groups. The Hausa and the Fulani make up about 33% of Nigeria's people and most are Muslisms .For hundreds of years ,the Hausa -Fulani have made an important part of their living by trading goods from as far away is Spain, Italy , and Egypt.From the traders of the Hausa and Fulani to the farmers of the Yoruba, Nigeria's ethnic diversity has brought many challenges to the unity and growth of the nation.


The Alkan are the largest ethnic group in Ghana.When the Alkan give power to a new leader , they also give a writting , If the leader does not rule fairly , the people can give a power to a new ruler. In this way , the Alkan are democratic since the people have control over who rules them.Ghana was the first African nation to become independent of European rule. Since independence, the country has worked to balance new technology with traditional culture.