Westward to the course of destiny!
The Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860's and was 1,776 miles long and connected the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States for the first time in history. They chose two companies, Union Pacific Railroad and Central Pacific Railroad to support and help construct the railroad. Most of the workers included army veterans from China and Ireland. The railroad was finished on May 10, 1869. This form of transportation had revolutionized the American economy.
Indian Removal Act
In the southern states, as well as the northern states, President Andrew Jackson signed a Indian Removal Act into law on May 28, 1830. The Native Americans were forced to assimilate and were forced into the Oklahoma territory. The Americans often feared the natives and believed that the Indians' occupied land that they thought they deserved. In order for the white settlers to grow cotton on the Indians' land, they had to travel thousands of miles on a trail known as the "Trail of Tears".
The Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers with 160 acres of public land, who are 21 years or older and has settled on the land for five years and paid a small fee. President Abraham Lincoln signed the act into law on May 20, 1862.
Political & Religious Persecution
Political instability was one of the two main reasons of forced international migration. Another push factor would include the fear of prosecution and these people were refugees. Political conditions can also act as pull factors. People during these times were attracted to the freedom of religion, culture and place of residence.
Economic Decline Begins in Europe
As one of the push factors, as you may know people need jobs, and with Europe having a low employment rate the immigrants wanted to have a job opportunity in America. As America being fresh of jobs and having no one to work, the immigrants were going were jobs seemed available.