Anasazi Collapse

Carolyn Kemp and Grace Brown


The Anasazi civilization collapsed because of extreme drought, famine, and malnutrition.


The drought was a huge part of the failure of the civilization. Lacking in water can make a civilization collapse quickly. Without water the environment, animals, land etc. can die or leave very quickly. The result in having a drought is lacking in the key thing that keeps everyone alive and everything moving slowly which is water. Out in the area that the Anasazi people lived was very hot and dry and water was sometimes hard to have. But having a drought can effect everything living in that area. Plants, animals and even civilizations can end because of this major issue. Before the drought everything was going good for this civilization. The leaders were strong and they had everything really organized. But as soon as the drought came, then nothing was the same for this civilization. This was not one major drought that effected this civilization, every few months water and rain would be hard to come by but the drought that lasted the longest was the one that effected the people and land the most. Crops and animals began to die faster and faster as time went on. It was getting harder and harder to live in this area. Soon families were forced to move away in order to find a area who had water and crops and animals. People left behind personal objects and homes they have been living in for years. Overall, the drought played a major roll in the collapse of the Anasazi civilization.


Famine was a large part of why the Anasazi civilization collapsed. Since to drought caused little food to grow most of the population could not be fed. The lack of water dried up the land during a time where there was a very dense population. Around 1125, deadly famine kept showing up causing many to move north. Many were dying and there was a high infant mortality rate during this time. Around 1275, the famine pushed many people out of the area. That is when a 14 year drought was starting. Most joined other tribes or started their own far away from famine and barren land. By the 1300's most people were gone from the Anasazi land causing the civilization to "disappear" and collapse.


Malnutrition is when ones diet is lacking or getting too much of a vital nutrient. Many people in the Anasazi civilization suffered from this possibly causing a collapse. The drought had a really bad effect on giving the people the nutrition they needed. When there was a lack in water, crops, animals, etc. were all dying leaving the people in lack of nutrition. They mainly ate foods that lacked nutrients and only one type of food. This deprives them of nutrients to be healthy and cause extreme weight loss and sickness. This serious disease caused many to leave to find more food. The lack in malnutrition had many people wanting to leave the area to find somewhere better. This was a huge part of the reason why this civilization failed.
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