Max Born

"I am convinced that theoretical physics is philosophy."

Growing Up:

It was the day of December 11 in 1882 that German physicist Max Born was brought into the world, or in other words born. He came from an upper-middle-class family. His father was a a professor of anatomy and his mother died when Born was only four years old. He had a sister names Käthe, and a step-brother named Wolfgang. Since Born was a frail child so he was home schooled. He was finally allowed to attend König Wilhelm Gymnasium. He did jump from to school but finally settled down at University of Göttingen to get his Ph.D. and Habilitation.

The Struggle is Real:

Even though he was studying and hoping to get a P.h. D. he was drafted into the German army, which interrupted is studies. Despite the war, he was able to continue his scientific pursuits and continues one of this books he was writing. This was probably one of many struggles mentioned he went through while he did his studies. When Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany, Born was "stripped of his credentials and forced to emigrate to England." (Max Born Biography, Bio) He was Jewish which made it hard for him to continue his studies.
#6 Cetain of Uncertainty

What made him important in the history of Science?

Max Born was pretty important in the history of science. He contributed to the quantum mechanics along with other scientists, like Albert Einstein. He did his series of investigation and studies on the quantum theory while he was a professor in Göttingen. "He produced a very precise definition of quantity of heat, the most satisfactory mathematical statement of the first law of thermodynamics." (Max Born, 1882-1970) After one of his students had created the first laws of the new quantum theory, Born collaborated with him to make a mathematical equation. This led to his help to the quantum theory.

When born helped his fellow student with the mathematical equation, he showed the solution of it. It had a statistical meaning of physical significance. This interpretation proved to be important in the quantum theory. He had also introduced a useful technique that would solve problems of scattered atomic particles. Both Max born and scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer used this simplification of calculation to deal with molecule structures.

So what are Quantum Mechanics? Well based on LiveScience webpage, "Quantum mechanics is the branch of physics relating to the very small." This means quantum mechanics have to do with atoms and molecules, things that are quite hard to see to the human eye. Scientists such as Einstein, Bohr, Plancks, Heisenberg, and Born all contributed to this theory. It took them quite a while to finally figure out about the quantum theory and to finally prove things such as atoms and molecules.


  • Fellow of the Royalty Society
  • Nobel Prize
  • Lunar Features
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh


  • "Max Born." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
  • "Max Born (German Physicist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Ed. Silvan Schweber. Encyclopedia Britannica, 15 Oct. 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
  • "Max Born - Facts". Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 12 Dec 2014.

  • "Max Born (1882-1970)." Max Born. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

  • O'Connor, J. J., and E. F. Robertson. "Max Born." Born Biography. JOC/EFR, Oct. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

  • Coolman, By Robert. "What Is Quantum Mechanics?" LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.