Issues Facing America in 1815-1830

Miriam, Maddie, Max, Andy, Kelsey, and Maddie L.

Abolition- Miriam Buursma and Maddie Nichol

Abolition- the complete end of slavery- was widely supported by people throughout the country in the 1830s.
WHAT DO THEY WANT? Abolitionists believed that the American Revolution supported equality, so we should too, and that slavery was morally wrong. Their goal was for all African Americans to be emancipated (freed from slavery). However, they disagreed on what this might mean. Some thought that freed African Americans should be given the same treatment as white Americans, but others believed that free African Americans should be sent to colonies in Africa.
WHO WANTED IT? Some of the most famous abolitionist leaders were former slaves such as Fredrick Douglass (pictured, upper right), who gave hundreds of speeches and wrote several autobiographies after escaping slavery at age 20. However, a little-known but no less important leader was William Lloyd Garrison, who wrote a newspaper called The Liberator, one of the most widely circulated abolitionist newspapers in America.
Other leaders included the Grimké sisters, who were white Southern women, the daughters of slaveholders. They did not agree with their parents' support of slavery and moved to Philadelphia to join the abolitionist movement. They wrote essays and were the first women to speak before male and female audiences of the Anti-Slavery Society. They were also women's rights activists.

Bibliography:

"William Lloyd Garrison." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.


Stuckey, Sterling, and Linda Kerrigan. Salvucci. "Chapter 15 Section 4."Call to Freedom: Beginnings to 1877. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2001. 469-74. Print.


History.com Staff. "Abolitionist Movement." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.


Image Bibliography:
Antislaverymedal450. Digital image. Online Library of Liberty. Liberty Fund, Inc., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.


5146562573_098e4ca821_o. Digital image. Witness Well. Blog at WordPress.com., 19 Mar. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.

Pdwq0yjndxrif1ozzshc. Digital image. Answers. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.


594E182B-A117-4173-8DC9-3F3E20A0393E. Digital image. Haiku Deck. N.p., 18 Nov. 2015. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

Education- Kelsey Strong

Definition of problem - There was poor public education.

Common-school movement-people who wanted all children to be educated in a common place, regardless of class or background. (My leader) Horace Mann was the leading voice for education in the 1800’s, and Educator, U.S. Representative. There were schools for everyone. Catharine Beecher, grew up in a family committed to social reform. Samuel Gridley Howe worked to improve the education of visually impaired Americans. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet educated the hearing impaired. While Mann served in the Senate, the Massachusetts education system, with a history going back to 1647, was suffering, and the quality of education was deteriorating. Soon a vigorous reform movement arose, and in 1837 the state created the nation’s first board of education, with Mann as its secretary.

Sources

"Holt McDougal Online." Holt McDougal Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2016.

Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

"Impactful Educational Leaders You Might Not Know About." Leading Edge Tutors. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

"Horace Mann & Education Reform: Contributions & Philosophy." N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

Prison Reform and Temperance- Andy Votava

Prison Reform

The people in prisons and people with mental disabilities had terrible conditions. Dorothea Dix wanted to change this. She reported the terrible working conditions of the prisons and mentally ill people were often jailed with the criminals. In response, the government of Massachusetts created special, separate facilities for mentally ill people. Dix work spread and more than 100 state hospitals where mentally ill people got professional help.

Temperance

People believed that americans were drinking liquor at an alarming rate. The average amount of liquor per person was seven gallons a year. Many people believed alcohol abuse caused social problems such as family violence, poverty, and criminal behavior. That is when the temperance movement started. This movement urged people to stop drinking hard liquor. Lyman Beecher spoke widely about the evils of alcohol. He said that people who drank alcohol were “neglecting the education of their families and corrupting their morals.” In 1846 the Maine Law was passed banning people from selling alcohol in the U.S.
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Prison Reform and Temperance Biblography

"Dorothea Dix." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.


"Holt McDougal Online." Holt McDougal Online. Houghton Mifflin Harcour, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.


"Lyman Beecher." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.


Street Prophets Coffee Hour: The Temperance Movement." Daily Kos. Kos Media, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.

Women's Rights- Maddie Litvan

Woman were not getting equal treatment in many different ways, such as voting rights, female abolitionists, and rights for full education for women. Women Rights didn’t become national concern for many years. Soon, woman took advantage of education opportunities, learned to organize more effectively. Although, some woman disagreed with new rights for women. But the strong supporters were an important advocate for change, such as the Grimke Sisters. They were part of woman’s rights movements, one of first women to speak for Anti-Slavery Society and education, and published a pamphlet arguing equal rights for women. Elizabeth Stanton attended anti-slavery convention with Lucretia Mott, who later created the Seneca Falls Convention. It began on July 19, 1848 in Seneca Falls, California. It was the first public meeting in U.S. with 240 people.


My leader, Susan B. Anthony, worked to end slavery and women’s rights to vote and founded the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869 with Stanton. Later, Anthony collected 6,000 signatures for petitions for new property rights law. In 1860, New York gave married women ownership in wages and property.

Women did face challenges towards their noble cause, such as many arrests and countless inequality. Slight progress was made during this time, like the Property Rights Law, but the ultimate goal of the right to vote was achieved much later.


Bibliography:

- Stuckey, Sterling. "Chapter 15." Call to Freedom. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2003. N. pag. Print

- "Susan B. Anthony-Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

- "CEO of Susan B. Anthony Museum and House to Speak in Brockport."Brockport Blog CEO of Susan B Anthony Museum and House to Speak in Brockport Comments. N.p. 2015. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

- "History." Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

- "Women's Suffrage in the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

Wave of Immigrants and Nativists Responce- Max Perez

A whole lot of immigrants started to come to the US and these immigrants took jobs for lower wages/pay. So the citizens that are native to the US start to get mad that people from other countries are coming and taking their jobs, but this also makes these natives afraid that their jobs are going to be taken for a pay lower and get replaced right away. These people that are not in favor of immigrants coming to America and taking jobs are called Nativists. These nativists soon funded a secret society called the Know Nothing Party, they also wanted a law saying that if an immigrant comes to America they have to live in America for at least 21 years to be considered/become a citizen of America.


Bibliography- polishimmigrationinusa.weebly.com, www.weareoneamerica.org, www.encyclopediaofalabama.org