Chapter 13.8 Decline and Renewal

Inner-City Challenges and Gentrification


Gentrification is the process by which middle class people move into deteriorated inner city neighborhoods and renovate the housing. Because renovating an old inner city house can be nearly as expensive as buying a new one in the suburbs, cities encourage the process by providing low-cost loans and tax breaks.

Inner-City Challenges

Inner city residents are frequently referred to as a permanent underclass because they are trapped in an unending cycle of hardships: inadequate job skills, culture of poverty, crime, drugs, homelessness, lack of services, and deteriorated housing.
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