France

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The French flag

The French flag has three vertical stripes of blue, white and red. The colors represent Liberty, equality and fraternity. The blue and red were the colors of French saints while white has been on French flags for many years. The three colors were first used during the revolution.

French geography

The country of France resides between Spain and the Bay of Biscay to the west and to the east is Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and Italy. To the south is the Mediterranean Sea and the north is the English Channel and the U.K. Most of the land is farmland and to the southeast is the French Alps, a mountain range.

History of France 1

France was once called Gaul during the time of the Roman Empire. Gaul was part of the Roman Empire. When the Roman Empire fell, Gaul was overrun by Germanic barbarians.

History of France 2

Gaul was the land of the Franks, until Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the pope in 800 CE which included Gaul.

History of France 3

When the Black Death came to Europe feudalism was destroyed. The French started rebelling against the royalty: King Louis and queen Marie Antoinette. This started the French Revolution and the reign of terror where thousands died through daily executions. Napoleon declared himself emperor of France and invaded Russia and dissolved the Holy Roman Empire.

Currency

The French use the money of the European Union, the euro. The French formerly used the franc.

Government

The French have a constitutional republic like the United States of America. The French president's name is François Hollande.

France and the European Union

France was a founding member of the EU after World War Two. France joined in 1958. France uses their common currency, the euro.

Fun facts

1. The third crusade was declared in the unfinished Notre Dame.

2. France is the fifth wealthiest country on earth.

3. The English Channel, (the sea that separates France from Britain) was swam by a woman in under eight hours.