Rice

by Veeti Tuppurainen

Big image
"Harvested rice." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2014. Student Resources in Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2016.

introduction

Rice is a cereal grain that belongs in the grass family, and is one of the most important food crops in the whole world. Nearly everybody who depend on rice live in Asia.

rice plant

The rice plant has four parts, the root, leaves, stem and the head also known as the panicle. The panicle or the head is the part of the plant, that has the actual rice in it.

panicle/head

The panicle has four parts, the hull, the bran layers, endosperm and the embryo. The endosperm is the part of the rice that you most likely are eating and the embryo is the seed where the new rice plant can grow from. The bran layers is the part from where the kernel gets its nutrients from.

how its grown

rice grows best in shallow water so farmers flood the land so that the soil is wet and that there is a shallow layer of water. When they have done that they plant clumps of 3 to 6 seedlings that are spaced 4 to 8 inches apart.

growing up

The rice plant has a bright green color when it is in its early stages but as the plant ripens it turns into a bright yellow color. The grain becomes fully ripe around 90 to 150 days from when it was first planted.

purpose

The biggest use or purpose of rice is eating it because like I said in the start, rice is one of the most important food crops in the whole world. But eating rice is not the only use, it has other uses as well like, there are breakfast cereal made of rice, soups, baby food, snacks, frozen foods, and flour may contain rice. Also, in Japan they use rice kernels to make an alcoholic beverage called sake, or rice wine.

species

there are 20 different species of rice but people mostly only farm two of the twenty and the names of these two are Asian rice which is the more popular one and then the African rice. But then there are like different kinds like White rice, and Jasmine rice.

history of rice

No one is sure where rice is originated from it is theorized that it was growing wild and eaten by the people who lived in Southeast Asia thousands of years ago. Archaeologist found that people cultivated rice at least 10,000 years ago in southern China and Korea. Rice then spread north to China and Japan, west to India and south to Indonesia. Farming of separate species started independently in West Africa's Niger River Valley by 1500 B.C. Rice did not spread to Europe until the moors conquered Spain in about 700 A.D. and they brought rice with them. Rice reached America when it was colonized during the 1600’s

bibliography

  • Rutger, J. Neil. "Rice." World Book Student. World Book, 2016. Web. 2 Jan. 2016.
  • "Harvested rice." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2014. Student Resources in Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2016.
  • "17 Tremendous Terraced Rice Fields." Lovethesepics RSS. Joshua Weinberg, 16 Feb. 2011. Web. 03 Jan. 2016.
  • "Terraced Rice Fields in Northern Thailand." Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Ed. Timothy L. Gall, Susan Bevan Gall, and Derek M. Gleason. 6th ed. Detroit: UXL, 2012. Student Resources in Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2016.
  • "Rice fields and a farmhouse in Bhutan." Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures. Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Susan Bevan Gall. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: UXL, 2012. Student Resources in Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2016