WV State Board v. Barnette
Challenging the constitutionality of mandatory pledging
Due to the court case, Minersville School District V. Gobits, West Virginia amended its constitution so that schools required teachers and students to say the pledge and salute the flag. This conflicted with the beliefs of Jehova's Witnesses in the state, and the Barnettes took the issue to the district.
Did the compulsory flag-salute for public schoolchildren violate the first amendment?
The supreme court decided 6-3 that requiring students to salute and say the pledge violated the first amendment, that being the right to free speech, or not to speak, along with the establishment clause, requiring separation of church and state.