Government, Economy, Geography, Culture


    China is mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in the west and plains, deltas, and hills in the east.Coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, and hydropower potential are all natural resources of China.There are frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; and land subsidence in China. 


China is a Communist state.The constitution was adopted on the 4th of December 1982. It was amended several times. You have to be 18 or older to vote. In the executive branch, they have a President his name is  HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003). And they have a Premier his name is WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003). The legislative branch has the National Peoples Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui. The judicial invovles the Supreme Peoples Court, the Local Peoples Courts, and the Special Peoples Courts.


The per capita GDP in China is $9,100 (2012 est.) Rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; and fish are all Chinas agriculture products.Mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles,and satellites are Chinas industries.It is13.9% (2011 est.) The import partners and percents are Japan 11.2%, South Korea 9.3%, US 6.8%, Germany 5.3%, and Australia 4.6% (2011). The export partners and percents are US 17.1%, Hong Kong 14.1%, Japan 7.8%, South Korea 4.4%, Germany 4% (2011). The percent of labor force in agriculture is 36.7%. The percent of labor force in industry is 28.7%. The percent of labor force in services is 34.6%. The name of the currency is Renminbi.


The nationality for China is Chinese. The ethnic groups are Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi,    Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census). The languages spoken in China are Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages. The religions are Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%.


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