Puerto Rico

All about Puerto Rico

Geography of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is made up of different islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast off Florida. The main island is very mountainous and has a lot of beaches.

Location

The location of Puerto Rico is in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida and Mexico.

Capital of Puerto Rico

Major cities

largest cities in Puerto Rico, ranked by population

San Juan:418140

Bayamon:203499

Carolina:170404

Ponce:152634

Caguas:86804

Historical Sites and Landmarks

1) Fort del Morro was built by the Spaniards in the sixteenth century. Its purpose was to protect the San Juan bay from enemies who arrived by sea. The most important attacks were:
  • Sir Francis Drake - 1595s
  • Holland - 1625
  • Duke of Cumberland -1598

The Morro is impressive for its dark dungeons, cannons, fortified walls, lighthouse, and its history

2) Fortín Conde de Mirasol is the cultural and historical center of Vieques; it is located in Isabel II. From here you will have a panoramic view towards: Puerto Rico, Culebra, Isabel II, and St. Tomas on a clear day.

It is the last Spanish fort built in the Americas. Its construction dates from the 1840s. This fort was never totally finished because of economic problems. In 1991 the Institute of Culture of PR finalized its restoration and rehabilitated the central building as a museum; where you will find permanent exhibitions of tools and artifacts of the Taino indians and the Spaniards.


3) The Serrallés Castle was constructed in the 1930 decade. This beautiful mansion belonged to the founders of the Serrallés Distillery, famous at that time for the sugar production and now by the production of the Don Q rum.

4) The modernized Rincón Ligthhouse has become a recreational area for all the family. It has sanitary facilities, parking and gazebos. You will be able to enjoy the Desecheo Island and Dome beach.

Economy

1 U.S. dollar equals .92 euros in Puerto Rico.

Language

The main Language in Puerto Rico is Spanish and a little bit of English.

Food

Lunch and dinner generally begin with sizzling-hot appetizers such as bacalaitos, crunchy cod fritters; surullitos, sweet plump cornmeal fingers; and empanadillas, crescent-shaped turnovers filled with lobster, crab, conch, or beef.

Soups are a popular beginning for meals on Puerto Rico. There is a debate about whether one of the best-known soups, frijoles negros (black-bean soup), is Cuban or Puerto Rican in origin. Nevertheless, it is still a savory, if filling, opening to a meal.Puerto Ricans adore chicken, which they flower various spices and seasoning. Arroz con pollo (chicken with rice) is the most popular chicken dish on the island, and it was brought long ago to the U.S mainland. Other favorite preparations include chicken in sherry (pollo al jerez), pollo agridulce (sweet and sour chicken), and pollitos asados a la parrilla (broiled chickens). Puerto Rico people eat the same breakfast at the same time, that's the same for Lunch and Dinner.

Three important people

1) Acosta, Jose Julian was a leader and journalist Puerto Rican abolishment movement was born in on May 27, 1825 in San Juan. He received his primary and secondary education from Rafael Cordero. In 1867, he was a member of the Puerto Rican commission, which participated in the Overseas Information Committee in Madrid, Spain. The commission advocated for the abolition of slavery and political reforms at the local level. On November, 1870, he became a leading member of the Liberal Reformist Party. He also collaborated to the foundation of "El Progreso" (Progress) newspaper, of which he was editor. In 1873, he became the president of the Liberal Reformist Party. He died on August 26, 1891 in San Juan.

2) Alegría, Ricardo E.

(1921--), cultural antropologist and archeologist, was born on April 14, 1921 in San Juan. He was the driving force behind the creation of the influential Institute of Puerto Rican Culture, which he headed from its foundation in 1955 to 1972. In 1993 he was the first Latin-American to win the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization's Picasso Medal, the same year that President Clinton awarded him the Charles Frankel Award of Humanities.

3) Barbosa, José Celso (1857--1921), doctor and politician, was born on July 27, 1857 in Bayamón. A gifted mulatto medical doctor, Barbosa is better known as the father of the Statehood for Puerto Rico movement. He formed the pro-statehood Republican Party (July 4, 1899) in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. He was the first black to attend Puerto Rico's prestigious Jesuit Seminary. In 1893, he founded the first Puerto Rican "Cooperativa," named "El Ahorro Colectivo." In 1899, he founded the Republican Party of Puerto Rico, advocating for statehood for the island. In 1907, he established the newspaper "El Tiempo." He was a member of the Executive Cabinet from 1900 to 1917 and held a seat in the Puerto Rican Senate from 1917 until his death on December, 1921 in San Juan.

Music

Some of the instruments used in traditional Puerto Rican music originated with the Taíno people. Most noteworthy is the güicharo, or güiro , a notched hollowed-out gourd, which was adapted from pre-Columbian days. The musical traditions of the Spanish and Africans can also be heard in Puerto Rico's music. At least four different instruments were adapted from the six-string Spanish classical guitar: the requinto, the bordonua, the cuatro , and the triple, each of which produces a unique tone and pitch. The most popular of these, and one for which greatest number of adaptions and compositions have been written, is the cuatro, a guitar-like instrument with 10 strings (arranged in five different pairs). The name (translated as "the fourth") is derived from the earlier instrument having four (or four pairs of) strings, but for aims of century 19, around year 1875, already it was custom to make it with five pairs of cords as we know it today. Usually carved from solid blocks of laurel wood and known for resonances and pitches different from those produced by its Spanish counterpart, this instruments graceful baroque body has been revered for decades as the national instrument of Puerto Rico.Dance and music have always been traditional cultural expressions of Puerto Rico's ethnic heritage. There are many different styles of dance that are performed on the island, including salsa, merengue, danza, plena, bomba, and cha-cha, to name a few. The majority of Puerto Rico's dance steps are choreographed to accompany specific music, and the dance and the music usually share a name. The roots of dance on the island can be traced back as far as the days prior to European contact.

Seasons/Climate

Puerto Rico have the same seasons as the U.S. and the same months as the U.S.

Sports

Marathons are a popular sport held in Puerto Rico very year, one is San Blas Marathon every February, basically every other sport are the same sports in the U.S. but cock-fighting is something new. Its two chickens battling it out with razors or other deadly weapons are attached to it.

Religion

Most of the Puerto Rican culture are Roman Catholic, but there are some Jewish places in Puerto Rico.

Brief History

The indigenous group of Puerto Rico are the Tainos before the Spanish arrived. The Spanish colonized in Puerto Rico when Christopher Columbus arrived and founded Puerto Rico on Nov. 19,1493 a year after Spain got its independence.

Indigneous Group

Are they still her? The Tainos ruled Puerto Rico before Columbus arrived in the New World. The Tainos died out of disease and outsiders attacking them.

Natural Resources

Copper and nickel are found on the island along with gravel, sand and stone that are dug it from the Earth. Fish are plentiful because of the Atlantic Ocean that surrounds the Island.

Exploration

One popular place to explore is the Puerto Rico trench that is estimated 500 miles long and 25,000 feet deep that is still being explored.

Government

The Puerto Rican government is a self common-wealth with two legislative chambers, The House Of Representatives along with 51 seats, and the Senate, 21 seats.

Touristic Places

San Juan, because its a good vacation spot for summer with the beaches and the music, good vacation spot. Culebra, fun snorkeling and turtle touching stations or the kids, and sailing for the whole family. Ponce, good place to go for parents to get away and go to casinos and art museums. El Yunque National Forest, nice hiking paths for the whole family to enjoy. Isabela, a good place for exploring caves and seeing cool minerals.