Effective Reading and Writing

A Focus on Modeling

Haley Robertson

Section C

September 10, 2015


Article can be found here




Regan, K., & Berkeley, S. (2011). Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling.Intervention in School and Clinic, 276-282.

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Summary of the Article

This article described how a teacher can implement cognitive learning strategies in the classroom for both reading and writing instruction. The article states the best way to introduce these strategies to students is through modeling. There are three key questions a teacher should ask themselves while modeling:

1. Did I show the students when and why they should use the strategy?

2. Did I definitively show how to do each part of the strategy?

3. Did I show the students that this is a flexible strategy? (may not be used all the time, need to look for certain characteristics)

My thoughts

I found this article to be beneficial for me as I am about to start my own classroom. Modeling is important because if the teacher doesn't spend enough time modeling the different strategies the students will not learn to their highest capability. So one negative of modeling is that it will take a lot of time to do in the classroom, so make sure the strategy is important enough to do so!


I liked that the article included examples of teachers using modeling in the classroom with the summarizing main points in reading and persuading others in writing. Before this article, I was not aware that teachers need to explicitly describe the different processes for the students, but this is SO important in modeling.

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Have you had teachers use modeling in the past? How did you benefit from this as a student?

As a teacher, can you describe another example of how you could use modeling in your classroom?

After this presentation, would you want to use modeling in the classroom? Why or why not?

Professional Resources

Reading Rockets This article discusses what modeling is and provides an activity

Think Alouds: Modeling a think aloud. Includes the three parts discussed in the article

Lesson Plan for Think Aloud

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