Auschwitz Research

by: Ailey Finn

Auschwitz I

Facts and Statistics

  • Auschwitz I was made to serve 3 purposes: to incarcerate real/perceived enemies of the Nazis, to supply forced laborers for the SS, and to eliminate the targeted groups of people whose death was determined by the SS and Nazi Germany.
  • The basis consisted of 22 prewar brick barracks buildings.
  • During the summer of 1944, which was Auschwitz's peak, there were 105,000 registered people and 30,000 were unregistered. That makes up 25% of all the people in the entire concentration camp system.
  • Zyklon B gas was introduced at Birkenau, for the purpose of killing people.
  • At least 1.1 million people were killed at Auschwitz.

Pictures

Daily Life of Prisoners

  • When prisoners arrived they went through a selection and seperation before being assigned to their specific camps.
  • Prisoners lived in small barracks that at first did not even have beds or furniture. Eventually bunks with three levels were established in every barrack.
  • Access to bathrooms was extremely limited.
  • They either wore striped, pajama-like uniforms (like the one in the picture to the right), or they wore plain uniforms. Every person was issued clothing to wear, and every uniform had the number that was assigned to the person.
  • People were either sent to be executed/gassed immediately, or they were forced to do manual labor until they either died or were sent to be killed.
  • People did labor such as making weapons for the Nazi army, working in stores and workshops, and working for the SS companies.
  • People did not receive much food and had poor, dirty living conditions. They sometimes died of starvation or disease before they could be gassed or killed by the Nazis.

People From The Camp

Auschwitz II- Birkenau

Facts and Statistics

  • Auschwitz II-Birkenau began in October of 1941.
  • Of the three camps, Birkenau had the largest total prisoner population.
  • Auschwitz II-Birkenau had the same purpose as the original Auschwitz.
  • Four large crematoriums buildings were constructed between March and June of 1943. Each one had a undressing area, a gas chamber, and crematorium ovens.
  • During the summer of 1944, which was Auschwitz's peak, there were 105,000 registered people and 30,000 were unregistered. That makes up 25% of all the people in the entire concentration camp system.
  • At least 1.1 million people were killed at Auschwitz.
  • The SS continued gassing operations at Auschwitz-Birkenau until November 1944.

Pictures

Daily Life of Prisoners

  • Prisoners were transported from Auschwitz I to Auschwitz II-Birkenau.
  • Prisoners lived in the same small barracks that they had at Auschwitz I.
  • Access to bathrooms was also extremely limited.
  • They either wore striped, pajama-like uniforms, or they wore plain uniforms. Every person was issued clothing to wear, and every uniform had the number that was assigned to the person.
  • People were either sent to be executed/gassed immediately, or they were forced to do manual labor until they either died or were sent to be killed.
  • People did labor such as making weapons for the Nazi army, working in stores and workshops, and working for the SS companies.
  • People did not receive much food and had poor, dirty living conditions. They sometimes died of starvation or disease before they could be gassed or killed by the Nazis.

Important Figures From The Camp