All about chapter 8

by ana vallejo

Constitutional convention Aka Philadelphia Convention

The constitutional convention took place in may-September 1787 to Address problems of the U.S., Which was being governed under the Articles of confederation Ever since the independence from Britain. The original idea was to fix the problems, but there was so many that they built a brand new (United States) Constitution.

The compromises

virginia plan- this compromise debated representation to be based on a state's population. The larger states were all for it, Of course.

New Jersey- this plan benefited the small states, it called for equal representation in congress.

Great compromise- The great compromise was a combination of the New Jersey and Virginia plan. The senate was equal and the House of Representatives was based on population, so it kept both large and small states happy.

3/5ths compromise- this was a plan that of 5 slaves only 3 would be counted towards the population in regards of representation in the House of Representatives.

Federalists/antifederalists

Federalists- favored the constitution, wanted a strong government and less state representation. Mostly rich land owners. They wanted alliances with the British and not the French

Antifederalists: against the constitution. Wanted more power in the states. Typically small farm owners and shopkeepers. Wanted alliances with the French and not the British.

Bill of rights- 1st, 4th, 5th, & 10th

1st- freedom of religion, speech, press and the right to petition government

4th- protection against unreasonable : search and seizure

5th- rights of the accused: no one can be accused of serious crime unless accused by a jury.

No one can be forced to testify against himself/herself. No one can be tried for the same crime twice (double jeopardy). No one can be arrested withouth process of law.

People must be paid for property taken for public use

10th- states right: power not given to the federal government by the constitution belong to the states or the people

process for amending the constitution


  1. The constitution states that an amendment can be suggested by the Congress with a two of three majority vote in the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention of 2/3 proposed by the state legislatures