What is Cholesterol?

A better understanding of cholesterol.

What is LDL and HDL?

LDL and HDL stand for low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein and basically that means bad cholesterol and good cholesterol.

What is the difference between LDL and HDL?

LDL and HDL both carry cholesterol through the blood, but the main difference is that LDL carries cholesterol to your cells and organs while HDL carries cholesterol to your liver where it is removed from the body.

Why doctors monitor your LDL and HDL levels.

A doctor monitors their patients LDL and HDL levels to decrease the risk of heart disease and other disorders. A doctor wants to make sure that their patients have low LDL and high HDL.

How does LDL and HDL affect your health?

High amounts of LDL in the body can lead to a build-up of cholesterol in your arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease and strokes. HDL decreases the chance of those things happening because it takes cholesterol out of the body.

Other molecules that are monitored along with LDL and HDL.

Your total cholesterol and triglycerides are also monitored. Triglycerides are a type of fat.

What you can do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in your blood.

Losing weight, exercising, and watching the amounts of fat you eat are all ways that you can lower your levels of LDL and raise your levels of HDL.

What do the results of a cholesterol test mean?

Your test results will show your cholesterol levels in milligrams per deciliter of blood. You want your total cholesterol to be below 200 mg/dL. Having less than 100 mg/dL of LDL is good. You want your HDL to be greater than 60 mg/dL. Lastly your triglycerides should be less than 150 mg/dL.

Citations

M. (2016, January 12). Cholesterol test. Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cholesterol-test/details/results/rsc-20169555

Good vs. Bad Cholesterol. (2016, March 23). Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/AboutCholesterol/Good-vs-Bad-Cholesterol_UCM_305561_Article.jsp#.Vvm7GxMrL0E

Kamps, A. (n.d.). How Do LDL and HDL Differ Structurally and Functionally? Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/ldl-hdl-differ-structurally-functionally-2003.html

Know Your Fats. (2016, March 28). Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/PreventionTreatmentofHighCholesterol/Know-Your-Fats_UCM_305628_Article.jsp#.Vvm9GRMrL0E

Paula, E. (n.d.). What Increases HDL & Lowers LDL? Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/increases-hdl-lowers-ldl-8537.html