Antisocial Personality Disorder

By: Mindy Lam

Antisocial personality Disorder (APD): A chronic mental disorder in which a person's way of life is detrimental to the lives of others around

Symptoms

  • Manipulative
  • Irresponsible
  • Lack of empathy
  • Short-tempered
  • Dishonest
  • Egocentric
  • Impulsive
  • Trouble conforming with social norms

Symptoms are usually most prominent around age 20 and lessen around age 40-50 ("Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms," 2014).

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Causes

There are no definite causes of APD however, there are factors that increase chances of developing APD (Merrill, David B., 2012)
  • Family history of APD
  • Childhood abuse
  • Exposure to substance abuse by parents/relatives

Men are at a higher risk then women of developing APD ("Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptons," 2014)

Impact

People with APD cause a lot of harm to others around them. APD causes a person to exploit others for personal gain through manilpulation. In adults, the lack of empathy is very prominent. Adults have difficulty communicating with others and cannot maintain relationships. Holding a job position is also difficult due to the symptom of APD. In children, acts of bullying, animal cruelty and tantrums are common ("Antisocial Personality Disorder," 2013).

Treatments

Rarely do people with mental illnesses step up and look for help. Most people with APD do not want help or believe they require help.

Psychotherapy

Sessions arranged with a psychologists for discussion. The patient can learn about their own feelings and condition. The psychologist may find a suitable therapy for the patient like cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy etc. Psychologists are taught to not judge the patient based on their actions because they were under the influenced of APD as APD causes many unmoral and irregular behaviors ("Antisocial Personality Disorder," 2013). Unfortunately, psychotherapy is not very effective in dealing with APD.

Medication

Although there are no prescriptions for APD, there are medications available to treat the characteristics of APD like aggression. Mood-stabilizing drugs are an example ("Antisocial Personality Disorder," 2013). The patient would have to arrange an appointment with psychiatrist, psychologist or anyone with authority to diagnosed and prescribed the drugs.

Support Groups

There are many anonymous online support forums for people struggling with APD. Although there are few support groups specifically for APD, larger mental illness support groups have a specific group for APD. Anyone is welcomed in support groups and forums, however, online forums are not completely trustworthy.