Food Biotechnology

By: Christian Hall, Declan Kelly

Improving Raw Materials

The first generation of transgenic crops helped farmers by improving crops resistance to pests, viruses, and bad weather. Most benefits are not publicly known by most consumers.

What is Food Biotechnology

Food biotechnology is either genetically altered food to improve the quality of it or it's naturally cross pollinized to better the food.
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Timeline

500,000 BC
Humans first created a permanent cooking place in the form of a hearth. Initially, food was cooked by dropping it onto hot embers; later stone grills, spit roasting and stewing over hot ashes were used.

18,000 BC
Animals were domesticated and bred for food in the Middle East; early successes were with deer, antelope and sheep.

8,000 BC
Stone rollers were first used in Ancient Egypt to grind grain into meal and flour.

1964
New strains of rice were developed by the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines. These gave double the yield of earlier strains if enough fertiliser was used.

1994
Flavr Savr improved tomato approved in the US.

1995
Oils from genetically modified varieties of oilseed grapes and soy beans, and tomato paste produced from genetically modified tomatoes approved in the UK.

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Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur was a well known French microbiologist known for his work in pasteurization. In 1854, Pasteur was declared professor of chemistry and dean of the science faculty at the University of Lille. He used yeast and other microorganisms to make bread, cheese, and other products.

How to strengthen crop's resistance to pesticides

  • 1. Crops were "trained" with enhanced traits, such as herbicide tolerance, insect and virus protection, and tolerance to environmental stressors such as drought
  • 2. Value-added output traits, such as corn with higher amounts of lysine for food for animals, or vegetable oils with increased levels of omega-3.
  • 3. Crops that produce pharmaceuticals or improve the processing of bio-based fuels.
  • Where was food biotechnology created?

    Food biotechnology was created in the early early b.c. by humans who needed food without it getting killed by the elements. They would grow crops that were not as resistant to a certain element next to a crop that was resistant to that element to then strengthen the other crop.