Guitars

Kathryn Mangan

History

Many of you might not know that the guitar came from the Moors who came from Spain (Guy 10). The guitar was then brought to other countries and places, and it transformed into the contemporary guitar. The original form of the guitar was called an oud but the Europeans changed its form when they “added frets to the oud and called it a lute,” (Guy 10). The lute then transformed over many years each new transformation better resembling the modern-day guitar. The first classical guitar was made in 1859 by Antonio Torres Jurado thus completing the evolution into our modern guitar (Guy 18).


Types

The three main types of guitars are acoustic, electric and bass guitars. There are many different types and brands of each of these guitars. According to the Regina Classical Guitar Society some different types of acoustic guitars are “jumbo, dreadnought, nex, classic, artist,” (4). Both electric and bass guitars can be different in what type of style, brand, and shape it is, states the Regina Classical Guitar Society (1). Each type of guitar will play differently depending on what kind and type it is, and this helps create a more diverse sound and quality.


Acoustic

Many people might ask what exactly separates an acoustic guitar from another kinds and Nave defines the acoustic guitar as “hollow-bodied guitars without electric amplification,” (Nave 1). The acoustic guitar has six strings, and their tuning notes are E, A, D, G, B, and E. Acoustic guitars also have frets as do all other guitars. Nave states that the spruce or cedar wood is generally used to make acoustic guitars, and the hole in acoustic guitars are 3 ¼” to 3 ½” round in diameter (Nave 2-3). The round hole in the body of the acoustic guitar creates cavity resonance, creating the sound, which is the biggest difference between acoustic and electric guitars.


Electric

One of the most iconic symbols representing the rock genre is an electric guitar. Not many people might know the true beginnings of the electric guitar, “Inventor and musician George Beauchamp, who played Hawaiian music in Los Angeles, is said to have created the first crude electric guitar on his dining room table,” (Joyce 1). Adolph Rickenbacker and George Beauchamp made the first electric guitar in 1931, revolutionizing the way the guitar was used in bands (Joyce 1). George Beauchamp wanted to create a louder guitar, and this notion was the main reason the electric guitar was created according to the Lemelson Center (1). The amplifying of the sound from the guitar launched an era of music where the electric guitar was in the lime light.


Bass

The electric bass guitar is widely known as a product from the electric guitar, but it also has its own history. The bass is set apart from the electric guitar because it generally only has four strings and instead of using a pick to pluck the strings you generally use your fingers. The biggest use for the bass is “to provide the low-pitched bassline(s) and bass runs in popular music and jazz,” (Krinock 1). The earliest of the bass guitar was created in the 1930s by Paul Tutmarc, but the first mass-produced electric bass was created by the widely known Leo Fender (Krinock 1). Another big name leader in making bass’ was Gibson who released a violin-shaped bass in 1953 (Krinock 1). Basses are a lot like electric guitars; they have pick-ups which project the sound through the amplifier. Basses also added to the image of the rock and roll bands just like the electric guitar did.


Works Cited

Guy, Paul. "A Brief History of the Guitar." A Brief History of the Guitar. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.

"Types of Guitars." Types of Guitars - Regina Classical Guitar Society. Regina Classical Guitar Society, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.

Nave, R. "Acoustic Guitar." Sound. HyperPhysics, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.

Joyce, Christopher. "The Electric Guitar." NPR.org. National Public Radio, 12 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.

"The Invention of the Electric Guitar." The Lemelson Center. Smithsonian, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.

Krinock, Joseph. "History of the Bass Guitar." The Bass Guitar. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.