reform movements


  1. a idealistic philosophical and social movement that developed in New England around 1836 in reaction to rationalism. Influenced by romanticism, Platonism, and Kantian philosophy, it taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity, and its members held progressive views on feminism and communal living. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were central figures.

what was the main idea behind the utopian movement

in my opinion the utopian movement is to try and creat a better world/ a perfect world that was rich and strong

brooks farm community

Transcendentalist writer George Ripley founded Brook Farm Commune in 1841 near Boston, Massachusetts. His goal was to “prepare a society of liberal, intelligent, and cultivated persons whose relations with each other would permit a more wholesome and simple life than can be led amidst the pressure of our competitive institutions.” Member of the farm worked to make the group self-sufficient, though few individuals lived on site in the communes early years. In 1844 Brook Farm adopted a constitution based on the socialist ideas of Charles Fourier, who argued that people were capable of living in perfect harmony under the right conditions. These conditions included communal life and a republican style government. Once Brook Farm demanded that its residents share equally their earnings, the commune disintegrated. The farm is remembered largely for the famous writers who resided there for brief periods, including Ralph Waldo Emerson and Nathaniel Hawthorne.

noah webster

born october 16, 1758

died may 28,1843

education; yale college and yale university

books;the American spelling book,the new England primer

Washington Irving

born april 3, 1783

died november 28, 1859

buried devember 1, 1859

movies sleepy hollow,

james fenimore cooper

born september 15, 1789

died september 14, 1851

education yale university

movies the last of the mohicans