The space race was from 1955 to 1972. Russia was much more advanced then the US at the beginning, they had the first man around the world. The Us was the first to land on the moon. Sputnik was launched on October 1947, Sputnik was the worlds first artificial satellite. One month later they lunched Sputnik 2 with a person on board. In 1961 Kennedy said "I believe that this nation should commit itself, of achieving the goal before this decade is out of landing a man on the moon and safely retiring him." On july 20, 1969 Apollo 13 Landed on the moon.
The space race was important because...
The space race was important for many reasons one of them being technology. To develop all the technology for the rocket ships they needed to minimize the size of it, this helped develop smaller electronics and further technology. Many people also referred to the space race as Communism Vs. capitalism.