Middle Colonies

Delaware

Founding

Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company, but was given to the Duke of York by King Charles II and renamed.


Government

Had the same government and governor as Pennsylvania.


Populations

The populations had English, Dutch, and Swedish colonists.


Native Groups

Natives of Delaware were all called Lenape, but there were three different groups. There was the Unami, the Munsi, and the Unalachtigo.


Religion

There were multiple religion because of tolerance.

New York

Founding

New York was founded by the Duke of York in 1664 when he received control of New Netherland.


Government

Started as a propriatory colony with a governor, and became a crown colony in 1685 with a new governor with no legislature.


Populations

The colony had colonists from Netherland, France, England, and several others.


Native Groups

The natives where the Iroquois, with whom they had an alliance.


Religion

There was such a large mixture of religions that some practices became intermingled.

Pennsylvainia

Founding

Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn, because King Charles II owed his father a large dept.


Government

Pennsylvania had a proprietary government that was focused on religious freedom. The government was run by popular elected officials.


Populations

The colonists were mostly Quakers form England, because they were persecuted in England.


Native Groups

The natives where the Lenape, the Shawnee, and the Susquehannocks. Penn tried to be friendly to the tribes and even set up trade with them.


Religion

The big religion in Pennsylvania was Quakers, who had no freedom in England.

New Jersey

Founding

New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, friends of James, Duke of York. James bought New Netherland and gave them part as friends.


Government

Area was called Jersey and split into East and West. Had an representational government. In 1702, the parts were joined as one crown colony.


Populations

The colonists consisted of a multitude of nationalities and religions.


Native Groups

The Native groups in the area where the Unami, the Munsee, and the Unlachtigo.


Religion

The colony was established with religious freedom, causing several different religious views to be represented.

Economy

The Middle Colonies were known as the bread basket because the climate grew grains very well.