Nature of Dairy Farming
- A farm devoted to the production of milk and the manufacture of its products
- Dairy cows are not native to Australia
- The first cow arrived in NSW 1778, with the first fleet, with Captain Arthur Phillip
- On board were 2 bulls and 7 cows
- The dairy industry has become very large and important to Australia
- The industry has moved away from subsistence farming to commercial farming
- New technologies and farm systems have been introduced to save farmers time
- Greenhouse gases: methane and nitrous oxide - contibutes to 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
- Cow manure pollutes water and soil, disturbing the natural nutrient balance for normal plant growth.
- Water use: In 2005, the dairy industry used 19% of all water needed for the Agriculture industry.
- Cheese - 33%
- SMP/Butter - 28%
- Drinking Milk - 27%
- WMP - 9%
- Other - 3%