Dairy Farming

Nature of Dairy Farming

  • A farm devoted to the production of milk and the manufacture of its products
  • Dairy cows are not native to Australia
  • The first cow arrived in NSW 1778, with the first fleet, with Captain Arthur Phillip
  • On board were 2 bulls and 7 cows
  • The dairy industry has become very large and important to Australia
  • The industry has moved away from subsistence farming to commercial farming
  • New technologies and farm systems have been introduced to save farmers time
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Spatial Distribution of Dairy Farms in Australia

  • WA - 2.5%
  • NT - 0%
  • SA - 4.2%
  • QLD - 8.1%
  • NSW - 11.4%
  • VIC - 67%
  • TAS - 6.8%


http://www.dairyaustralia.com.au/Industry-information/About-the-industry.aspx
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Environmental Impacts

  • Greenhouse gases: methane and nitrous oxide - contibutes to 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Cow manure pollutes water and soil, disturbing the natural nutrient balance for normal plant growth.
  • Water use: In 2005, the dairy industry used 19% of all water needed for the Agriculture industry.

Social Impacts

Milk Utilisation

  • Cheese - 33%
  • SMP/Butter - 28%
  • Drinking Milk - 27%
  • WMP - 9%
  • Other - 3%