Vertical Alignment Project

Weather Patterns by Ginny Buttram

1st Grade: S1E1. Students will observe, measure, and communicate weather data to see patterns in weather and climate.

a.) Identify different types of weather and the characteristics of each type.

b). Investigate weather by observing, measuring with simple weather instruments (thermometer, wind vane, rain gauge), and recording weather data (temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, and weather events) in a periodic journal or on a calendar seasonally.

c.) Correlate weather data (temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, and weather events) to seasonal changes.

4th Grade: S4E4. Students will analyze weather charts/maps and collect weather data to predict weather events and infer patterns and seasonal changes.

a.) Identify weather instruments and explain how each is used in gathering weather data and making forecasts (thermometer, rain gauge, barometer, wind vane, anemometer).

b.) Using a weather map, identify the fronts, temperature, and precipitation and use the information to interpret the weather conditions.

c.) Use observations and records of weather conditions to predict weather patterns throughout the year.

d.) Differentiate between weather and climate

6th Grade: S6E4. Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather.

a.) Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose heat at different rates and explain the resulting effects on weather patterns.

c.) Relate how moisture evaporating from the oceans affects the weather patterns and weather events such as hurricanes

Earth Science HS:

SES5. Students will investigate the interaction of insolation and Earth systems to produce weather and climate.

c.) Relate weather patterns to interactions among ocean currents, air masses, and topography.

d.) Describe how temperature and precipitation produce the pattern of climate regions on Earth.

1st and 4th grade lesson plans


1. “Mother Nature” controls the weather changes.

2. Rain drops are shaped like tears.

3. Snow isn’t water.

4. The sun is light; a light bulb for the day and serves no other purpose.

5. Weather does not change that much.


The water cycle involves freezing and melting of water.

Water only gets evaporated from the ocean or lakes.

When water boils and bubbles come up the bubbles are air.

The white substance coming from boiling water is smoke.

Water in an open container is absorbed by the container. Condensation on the outside of a container is water that seeped through the container itself (or sweated through the walls of the container)

Raindrops look like tear drops. Rain falls out of the sky when the clouds evaporate.

Rain comes from holes in clouds. Rain comes from clouds sweating. Rain comes from clouds melting. Rain falls from funnels in the clouds.

Clouds move when we move.

We walk and the clouds move with us.

Thunder occurs when two clouds collide.

Literature for 1st grade