Grasslands Praire and Savannah
Kesauntee Cole 3 rd period project
Savanna grasslands are found between tropical rainforests and desert. This includes areas such as Central Africa (Kenya), America and The North and East of South America (Brazil). Savanna is similar to grassland but with scattered trees. These areas have seasons: cool and dry, hot and dry followed by warm and wet.
Abiotic Factors: Weather (Winters are dry and cool, summers are humid, hot and wet), Climate (Warm year round about 70 degrees), Precipitation (Can go through droughts, but not as dry as a desert, 15-25 inches during wet season), Soil (During the dry season it is infertile), Sun, Wind, Air
Tour operators offer easy raft floats with a look at bird life near the Victorian source of the Nile as well as more extreme rafting that sends you plunging through rapids. If you want instead to get a look down at the savanna, you can join a trek to the top of Mount Kenya in Kenya or Mount
ou can combine cultural encounters with birding by hiring a trained guide from a rural village in the savanna to lead you on a nature walk. While you can figure out such giant specimens as the ubiquitous marabou stork or the bright pink flamingo on your own, there's no substitute for local knowledge when it comes to figuring out whether that pretty feathered creature is a hornbill or spoonbill. Uganda offers villagers as guides, while in Kenya, you can take a bird-watching safari that stays in top-class lodges
wildlife in safari
Most tourists from Europe and North America head to East Africa for wildlife safaris, visiting classic examples of tropical savanna such as the Serengeti in Tanzania or Masai Mara in Kenya, two adjoining wildlife parks. Just after dawn and just before sunset, you can take a game drive in a pop-top vehicle designed for amateur photographers, which comes alive at these times. You see groups of warthogs, elephants walking single file, lions gazing across the horizon and herds of grazing antelopes, tails flicking in the dim light. You can click the shutter nonstop or just watch baboons bounding in a clearing or hippos bellowing in a river. The time not on game drives can be spent enjoying international cuisine at a luxury lodge or fine grub prepared by the safari chef around a campfire.
wildlife in safari
Major threats to savanna biome
Savannas are amongst the oldest ecosystems used by people. Homo sapiens evolved in a savanna environment in East Africa about one million years ago. Anthropologists believe that these human populations existed by hunting wildlife and gathering plant materials. The Australian Aborigines are one of the traditional savanna hunter-gatherer cultures that still exist (Solbrig 1993).
Savannas land use currently includes fully nomadic pastoralism, semi-nomadic pastoralism, subsistence cultivation with no cash crop, and cash crop cultivation (including ranch, estate and plantation farming). In addition to food, fibre and wood production, savannas are also used for mining, national parks, tourism and urban developments.
Human usage of the savanna biome is increasing, which can lead to degradation of vegetation and soil resources, resulting in nutrient losses and shifts in water balance and availability. Brazilian cerradão contains over 800 species of trees and shrubs alone; approximately 40% of the cerradão and llanos has now been cleared or altered for agricultural uses with crops such as coffee, soybeans, rice, corn and beans.
The black rhino is one of the most endangered animal in the world--there were fewer than 3,200 in the world in 2001, most of which live on wildlife preserves. Even there, poachers kill them for their horns, which some people believe have medicinal value.
what occurs in the savanna biome
savanna biome bibliography