Badminton Final Assessment

By: Kaitlyn Eldridge 2A

Origin of Badminton

Badminton has its origins in ancient Europe and Asia, the game was originally known as "Battledore" (bat or paddle). The birdie or the ball is normally called the Shuttlecock, it was originated about 2,000 years ago. By the 1600s battledore and shuttlecock was a upper class pastime in England and many other European countries, the game normally was just two people hitting a shuttlecock back and forth to each other (backwards and forwards) with a simple bat as many times as they could without hitting or dropping it to the ground.

History of Badminton

There is a contemporary form of badminton that is called "Poona", it was played in India in the late 1800s where the net was introduced and then the players would hit the shuttlecock across the net to each other. The British officers in the late 1800s would take the game back to England, while it was a game that was introduced as the game for the guests of Duke of Beaufort at his home in "Badminton" (Gloucestershire, England) to that day it would become a popular game to play. March 1898, the very first Open Tournament was played, the very first U.S. badminton club was opened in New York in 1978. In about 1992, the game would become a Olympic medal sport in the Summer Olympic Games.

Type of Equipment Needed

In the game of Badminton there is only few items/equipment that you need in order to play the game Badminton, the equipment that you need to play is:

  • Court: The area to play, also defined as the outer boundary lines
  • Net: The net is made out of fine cord, dark in color and even line of thickness with mesh
  • Posts: To hold the net in a upright position
  • Racket: The instrument used in the game to hit the shuttlecock with to create a game
  • Shuttlecock: Piece of cork covered in goat skin with at least 16 goose feathers attached to the one end, it could also be made out of natural or synthetic materials

Type of Shots Used In The Game

There are some shots that you should use in the game of Badminton in order to play the sport right, and they are:

  • Clear: Stroke where the birdie is hit overhead or underhand, it also travels in a high arc falling deep in the opponent's court
  • Smash: Overhead shot is when the birdie is hit forcefully down to the opponent's court, full arm follow through is used usually when the opponent is positioned near the net
  • Drop Shot: Overhead shot that causes the birdie to fall to the ground immediately after crossing the net, then the motion of the arm is reduced with no follow through
  • Hair Pin: Underhand shots travel directly over the net from one side to another, the birdie should travel low over the net then drop close to the opponent's side of the court
  • Drive: Forehand or backhand shots that are hard and fast toward the opponent's back court and the flight is parallel to the floor
  • Serve: Always has to be underhand with contact to the birdie below the waist, always should be crosscourt
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General Rules


  • During the service if the birdie is hit above the server's waist or any part of the racket is above the server's hand
  • If the birdie lands in the wrong court or the wrong person receives the serve
  • If the server or receiver's feet are not in the proper service court during the serve
  • The birdie falls outside the boundaries or passes under or through the net
  • Player's body or racket touches the net
  • Birdie is hit twice in a row
  • Fault on opponent if the birdie hits a player whether inside or outside the boundaries


  • Ladies - Singles play to 11 points and doubles play to 15 points
  • Men - Singles and doubles both play to 15 points
  • PE - Play to 11 points

Difference in Singles and Doubles:

  • Ladies have to play to 11 points if they are by themselves and playing, if they have a team then they have to play to 15 points
  • Both men singles and doubles have to play to 15 points
  • The ladies have 4 more points they need to win if they are with a team of one person

Proper Serve:

  • Some of the proper serves are:
  1. Forehand
  2. Backhand
  3. Drive Serve
  4. Flick Serve
  5. High Serve
  6. Low Serve

Strategies to Play

Single Badminton Strategies:

  • Throw in some low level disguised serve
  • The number key is to be flexible
  • Serve long and high to the opponent's court
  • Try and hit the shuttlecock to make your opponent move around the court
  • Always observe your opponent's moves, strength, weakness, etc.
  • Sometimes try and hit the shuttlecock high towards the back of the court

Double Badminton Strategies:

  • Attacking Formation (Front-Back)
  • Defensive Formation (Side-Side)
  • Use the flick serve to help not make your opponent rush to the net
  • When defending try and hit the shuttlecock deep into your opponent's court

Mixed Doubles Badminton Strategies:

  • Attacking Formation (Front-Back)
  • Defensive Formation (Side-Side) -You could apply a flick serve-
  • The boy or man should try and hit the shuttlecock downwards or horizontal ways
  • The girl or woman should try and play the net kills and tight net shots

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Some terms and definitions that would be helpful when you are playing are:

  1. Ace: Serve that a opponent fails to hit
  2. Back Court: The third in the back
  3. Backhand: Stroke that is made on the opposite side of your racket
  4. Baseline: Back line of the court
  5. Bird/Birdie: Also known as a shuttlecock
  6. Carry: Illegal stroke in which the shuttlecock is caught and held on too
  7. Center Line: The line that separates the right and left service courts
  8. Clear: Shot hit deep onto the opponent's court
  9. Doubles: Game between two teams of two people
  10. Drop Shot: Shot that clears the net and is dropped sharply
  11. Drive: Hard fast shot
  12. Fault: Foul shot
  13. Forecourt: Front third of court
  14. Home Position: Central position between two sidelines and halfway between the baseline
  15. Kill/Kill Shot: Fast downward shot that can't be returned
  16. Let: Minor violation of a rule, so the rally has to be replayed
  17. Lob: Shot that is hit high over the opponent's head
  18. Net: Meshed material that is used to have a game between singles, doubles, and etc.
  19. Net Shot: Shot hit from the forecourt that has cleared the net, but drops sharply
  20. Passing Shot: Shot that passes the opponent
  21. Push Shot: Soft shot that is played by pushing the shuttlecock with a little wrist involved
  22. Racket: Instrument used to hit the shuttlecocks back and forth
  23. Rally: Series of shots hit back and forth across the net
  24. Serve: The game begins with this play
  25. Smash: Powerful overhead shot
  26. Side-Out: When the serving side has a loss of service
  27. Inning: The series where one team has the serve until they lose a rally
  28. Inside: The team serving
  29. Outside: The team receiving the birdie

Different Items On A Badminton

The different items on a badminton are:

  • Racket Head
  • String Bed
  • Throat
  • Shaft
  • Handle/Butt

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