In Years to Come

Projection of how Canada will look in 2050


"In this bright future, you cannot forget the past." - Bob Marley. In this assignment, we will look at past data of Canada and use these trends to project into the bright future of Canada. The question ''How will Canada look in 2050?" is very vague and in order to break it down. Three sub-categories were made; Our future Demography, Lifestyle and Economy. These three sub categories were also broken down further into inquiry questions. these inquiry questions would help us answer our very vague query. So let's take a look into the years to come.

How will our Population look like?

Based on prior data, since 2009, our population has been growing at an approximate rate of 0.34 million people every year(World Bank). If this trend were to continue until 2050, the approximate population of Canada would be at 47.6 million. With that number we can calculate and project the population density in 2050 if we divide the population by the total area of Canada (9,984,670 km sq.) These numbers give us a projected population density of 4.77 people per square kilometer. This is a large increase from today's population density of 3.9. However, many places in Northern Canada are very low populated and occupy a large amount of land and then there are those provinces in the South that are relatively smaller than the territories but are much more densely populated. This means that the population density for all of Canada is not very accurate. With the increase in population, comes a great increase in the foreign born population. According to Statistics Canada, there is a 1.8%(Statistics Canada) increase in immigrant population for every 5 years. If this trend is to continue, we can predict that in 2050, there will be a percentage increase of about 7.53%. Today, we have approximately 22%(CBC News) of our population foreign born. This means that if the trend were to continue, we would have approximately 29.53% of our population foreign born! That is a lot, that means that almost one third of our population will be foreign born. However, I believe that the trend will not continue. My theory is based on the fact that we already have many foreign born immigrants, just over 1 in 5 people here are foreign born. I believe that by 2050, these 22% will shrink because these immigrants are coming here for many reasons, but most of all for their future as well as their families'. The next generation will be born here in Canada making them no longer "foreign born." Back to our population in general, we can see that the majority of our population of the healthy young adults by the ages of 20-24, at this age, their bodies are well and healthy and I strongly believe that these people in this age group will live to the year 2050 in Canada, by this time, they would be around the age 55-59 (Trading Economies). Of our projected 47.6 million that may live in Canada, I predict that 64%-65% of the people living here will be employed(Human Resources and Skilled Development Canada).

How Will The Well Being and Quality of Lifestyle Be In 2050

Today, we live in a world were most of our families live in the middle class working hard and living a comfortable life. In recent studies in various websites and lectures, many politicians say that the middle class is bound to be diminished. The real question is, whether the middle class will move toward the Plane group or toward the bicycle group. Every year, the median yearly wage increases by about 5 thousand dollars. At this rate, I believe that with work and proper dedications as well as some sacrifice such as investing in renewable sources although they may be expensive. If one house in every neighborhood spent some of their money on solar panels or a wind turbine, we can indeed change our life for the better. However, this may only be achievable if trends in data were to continue. Canada already averages at a 2 children per woman Fertility Rate(Trading Economies). This number is ideal for the well being of the country. As developed as we are, 2 children is enough to sustain Canada. This also makes it much easier on women and their families. It is much easier to provide for 2 rather than 5 children in one household. This would also keep our population density under control for a couple of decades. We can predict that a high 89% of women in Canada ages 20 and older will be working for salaries as shown in a spreadsheet made by with a slow but sure increase in paid female workers. We can predict that a high 90% of women in Canada ages 24-49 will be working for salaries as shown in a chart of data collected by with a slow but sure increase in the percentage of female workers aged between 24-49

What Will Our Economy Look Like?

Although most people don't know it and it seems almost impossible, Canada actually has a 13.3% of child poverty as of 2012 (CBC Radio). Most of these 13.3% are of the Aboriginal population. I believe that with time, the Canadian government will gradually fund much more for the aboriginal population as they have been doing in the past years. Poverty in Canada will also decrease as average weekly wages increase as well, approximately every year, the average weekly wage is increased by 4$(Statistics Canada). If this trend was to continue the average weekly wage would be approximately 950.25$! Although when it comes to wages and money you can never estimate how and when wages will fall or increase because many things can happen that may for some reason decrease wages, things like war or discovery of new oil sands or a new source of energy will be costly and for that the government will charge taxes that will decrease our wages. If the data does continue the way I projected, we may make an average of up to 950.25$CAN how much is that in relation to the US Dollar. The Canadian dollar does seem to fall and rise many times but remains in a 10 cent interval between 0.80-0.90 US Dollars and I predict that it will remain this way until about 2030 and from there the US and Canadian dollar will soon be the same (Bank of Canada).


Works Cited

"Canada 2011 Census." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Canada Population 2014." - World Population Review. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Data in Gapminder World." Gapminder. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Immigration Reform: We Can Do It, If We Apply Our Founders' True Ideals." Scribd. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Immigration in Canada.", n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.

News, CBC. "$1 Cdn = $1 US." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 20 Sept. 2007. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Population." Canada at a Glance 2012 -. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.

"Population of Canada by year." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <>.