Mycobacterium Tuberculosis


  • Tuberculosis or TB is a bacterial disease that lives in soil
  • The bacteria is also found in cows
  • Affects lungs, but can be found in any organ
  • You can have dormant TB
- You have the bacteria but don't get sick or show symptoms


  • TB is a bacteria
  • TB is spread through the air by the cough or sneeze of an infected person
  • Particles can stay in the air for 5 hours


First stage
  • Fever, nights sweats, loss of appetite and weight loss

Later stage
  • Chest pain, cough and bloody sputum


  • Antibiotics
-Taken over 6-12 months to kill of remaining bacteria

  • Before the vaccines, patients were sent to sanatariums
  • They were sent outside for fresh air with a sandbag on their chest to "work" their lungs
  • If patients stayed the same or got worse, diseased part of lung was removed


  • A drug used in some countries lowers chances but doesn't prevent, not used in U.S
  • A new vaccine in clinical trial as of 2014 is made for treatment and prevention


Occurs most in:

  • Developing countries
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Southeast Asia
  • Western Pacific
  • People with AIDS


  • 1.5 million die each year
  • 2-3 in every 100,000 people in U.S. and Canada each year
  • Most people survive if diagnosed and treated right away
  • If drug-resistant, depends on ability to remove affected tissue

Current Events

  • In March 2015, 27 people at a Kansas high school were diagnosed with TB after one student caught it
  • In Kansas, in 2012, only 42 were diagnosed

Tuberculosis Statistics

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Tuberculosis affected tissue in lung. Digital image. Wikipedia. 29 Jan. 2016. Web. 11 Feb. 2016. <>.

"Tuberculosis." Diseases. Ed. Bryan H. Bunch and Jenny E. Tesar. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2006. 81. Print.

"Tuberculosis." Tish Davidson, AM., Rebecca J. Frey, PhD., and Leslie Mertz, PhD. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2015. 9 vols.

Frizell, Sam. "27 People At Kansas High School Test Positive For Tuberculosis." Time.Com (2015): N.PAG. Middle Search Plus. Web. 26 Jan. 2016.

"Tuberculosis." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2016. Web. 26 Jan. 2016

"Tuberculosis." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2016. Web. 26 Jan. 2016