Anderdonville Prison Camp

By Ben Revie

Characteristics

This was one of the largest jails in the Civil War. Inside the walls there were 27 acres and the walls were made up of 15 foot tall hewn pine trees. There were guard towers with armed troops called "roost nests", every 100 feet down the wall. 20 feet from the wall there was a single railing called the "deadline". If any part of your body crossed the "deadline", you would get shot. Outside the prison were earthen huts that housed artillery and could hold off a Union attack to try to free the prisoners.

History of Andersonville Prison

Andersonville Prison, originally known as Camp Sumter, was built in early 1864 to hold a large number of federal prisoners. The first prisoners arrived in February, 1864 and for the next few months prisoners were coming in at a rate of 400 prisoners a day! 45,000 prisoners were kept at Camp Sumter and 40,000 of those were Union troops. The prison was only open 14 months and closed down at the end of the Civil War in April, 1865. In those 14 months, 13,000 prisoners died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, and exposure to the elments.

Biography

Works Cited

"American Civil War: Andersonville Prison." About.com Military History. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013.

"Andersonville Prison, February 1864 - April 1865." Andersonville Prison, February 1864 - April 1865. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013.

"Civil War Trust." Andersonville Prison. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013.