India

How it all came to be.

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Major Historical Events In India.

1400 B.C.- Vedas, the Hindu scripture was written.

500 B.C.- Buddhism was founded in India by Siddharta.

52 A.D. - Thomas, Jesus's disciple came to India and baptized several people.

700 A.D. - Muslim armies from Arabia Invade India.

1498 A.D.- Vasco-De-Gama becomes the first European explorer to reach India.

1600 A.D.- East India company by Queen Elizabeth established trading posts in India.

1628 A.D.- Shahjahan, the ruler of Mugal empire builds the Taj Mahal.

1947 A.D.- India became independent. British and Indian Leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan.

1948 A.D. January 30- Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated.

1950 A.D.- New Indian constitution made Jawaharlal Nehru become 1st prime minister.

Where I Want To Visit. The Taj Mahal

The next time I go to India I want to visit the Taj Mahal. I want to visit the Taj Mahal because it symbolizes love and it one of the 7 wonders of the world. In its exterior it shows beauty and love through its architectural designs and in the inside it symbolizes pride and also love. I also want to learn more about the building it self. I want to see the love that is showcased in the building.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2,1869, in Porbandar, India. Mahatma Gandhi studied Law and government. I During law school,Mahatma Gandhi want to south Africa for 20 yrs to oppose to discriminatory legislation against Indians. After many years at work Mahatma Gandhi went back to India to support the home rule movement and become leader of the Indian National Congress. From this position Mahatma Gandhi advocated a policy of non-violent non-co-operation to gain Independence. His goal was to help poor farmers and laborers protest taxation and discrimination. With that goal he also struggled to alleviate poverty. There are also many more things he tried to do as leader. Following his civil disobedience campaign he was jailed for conspiracy. Gandhi also lead a 320 km march to the sea to collect salt in symbolic defiance for the government monopoly. When released from prison, Gandhi attended the London Round Table or Indian Constitutional Reform. Afterwards Gandhi negotiated with the cabinet mission who recommended the new constitutional structure. After India got its Independence in 1947, Gandhi tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim trouble in Bengal, this policy is what lead to his assentation in Delhi by Nathuram Godse, this was called the Hindu frantic. Even after Gandhi's death his legend and his commitments still lived on. Also he left behind the hope for others to have a voice to change things to create world peace.
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Hinduism

Hinduism is one of the oldest organized religions. Some of its writings date back to the 1400 B.C.. Hinduism is the worlds 3rd largest religion in which it is a very complex and diverse having lots of gods. Hinduism has many different core beliefs and exists in many different sects. although it is a very large religion it is primarily exists in India and Nepal. The main texts of Hinduism are the Vedas (considered most important), Upanishadas, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana. These writings contain hymns, incantations, philosophies, rituals, poems, and stories from which Hindus base their beliefs. Other texts that they base their beliefs in are the Brahmanas, the Sutras, and the Aranyakas. Although Hinduism has over 330 million Gods it has one supreme God, Brahman. Brahman is an entity believed to inhabit every portion of reality and existence throughout the entire universe. Brahman is both impersonal and unknowable. He is believed to exist in 3 separate forms; Brahman: Creator; Shiva: Destroyer; and Vishnu: Preserver.

The three dieties are Dharma, Karma, Samsara.

Dharma signifies behaviors that are considered to be in accord with order that makes life and universe possible, and includes duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and ‘‘right way of living’’.

Karma means action, work or deed. When you do a deed or good action then you receive good Karma and when you do the opposite you get bad Karma.

Samsara is the continuous cycle of life, death, and reincarnation envisioned in Hinduism and other Indian religions.

What does the Ganges River Mean to Hindus?

Hindus consider the Ganges River sacred. They personify the water as a goddess in which they worship and believe that bathing in the water causes the remissions of sins and facilitates liberation of the cycle of life and death. Many pioneers travel long distances to cleanse their skins in the holy water.

Diwali

Diwali is the Hindu celebration of lights. It is celebrated in Autumn every year. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, and hope over despair.Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes. On Diwali night people dress up in new or their best outfits and light candles and lamps inside and out of their homes, to participate in family puja(prayer) typically to Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. After the puja fireworks follow. Then their is a family feast ,which includes sweets. Also close friends and family exchange gifts.

Colonization of India

British came to India in the year of 1897 and established East India company for trading purposes. Gradually Britain took control over India through trade and conquest. By the early 20th century, freedom struggle erupted all over India under the Indian national congress party, and Indians started to fight for their independence.In 1920, the great leader Mahatma Gandhi started the "quit India movement" against the British through his "non-violence and non-cooperation" protests. The freedom struggle by Gandhi convinced British rulers to leave India and on August 15, 1947 India became Independent.

Fun Facts of India!

1. India's animal is the Bengal Tiger which is also known as the Prince of India.

2. India is the second largest population in the world with over 1.2 billion people.

3. India is officially known as the Republic of India.

4. One of the seven wonders of the world is located in Agra. The monument is the Taj Mahal.

5.Mahatma Gandhi is famous for the important part he played in gaining India's freedom and non-violence movement that is known all over the globe.