History & Impact

What is golf and What Impact Does It Have On Our Society.

Golf - a game played on a large open-air course, in which a small hard ball is struck with a club into a series of small holes in the ground, the object being to use the fewest possible strokes to complete the course.


Economically: Golf, economically, has inspired companies to make fashions based off of golf, such as Polo Ralph Lauren. Polo now-a-days are very common and it has made quite a big name for itself in the marketplace.

Politically: Golf, politically, has impacted society because lots of famous people, with or without power play golf.

Socially: Golf, socially, is seen as a very high classed sport, because it was a game of patience, time, elegance,and of royalty. Many Kings and queens fancied golf as a sport.

History of Golf

  • 100 BC- A Roman game known as paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball.
  • 960-1279- Games similar to golf called chuíw án was played during in China during the Song Dynasty
  • 15th Century- origin of modern golf traced back to Scotland
  • 1457- Scottish Parliament banned golf because it was interfering with archery practice which was necessary for national defense
  • 1500- King James IV lifts the ban on golf when he takes up the game himself
  • 1567- Mary Queen of Scots plays golf just days after the murder of her husband Lord Darnley
  • King James VI ascends to the English throne and his court begins playing golf at Blackheath in London
  • 1724- golf balls being stuffed with feathers
  • 1729- first known reference is made to golf in the USA with clubs being recorded in the estate of William Burnet, the Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1744- first rules of golf are set by Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers
  • Society of St Andrews Golfers is formed and became the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andres in 1834
  • 1764- St Andrews old course is reduced from 22 holes to 18 holes which is now the universal format for the game
  • 1848- The gutta percha ball is introduce which was the first sold ball.
  • 1860- first open championship is played at Prestwick and is won by Willie Park Senior of Scotland
  • 1890's- Persimmon becomes a popular wood for making club heads
  • 1893- Ladies Golf Union is formed in the UK
  • 1894- The United States Golf Association (USGA) is formed in New York
  • 1900- Golf is played at the Paris Olympics
  • 1901- first Professional Golfers Association (PGA) is formed in the UK
  • 1904- Golf is played for the second time in the Olympic Games in St Louis
  • 1916- PGA of America is formed
  • 1929- Steel shafted clubs are accepted by the R&A
  • 1950- Ladies' Professional Golfers' Association (LPGA) is formed in the USA
  • Metal woods made of stainless steel are introduced
  • 2000's-Materials such as graphite, titanium, carbon fibre and tungsten are used to manufacture golf clubs
  • 2016- Golf will be played at the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro for the first time in 112 years