THE BIG FIVE

Taylor Thelen

Shigella spp.

Bacteria name- Shigella and Shigella dysenteriae

Source- Passing from stools or soiled fingers of one person to the mouth of another person

Foods Linked- Including salads potato, tuna, shrimp, macaroni, and chicken

Prevention- Wash hands frequently and thoroughly. Supervise small children when they wash they wash their hands and dispose of soiled diapers


Salmonella Typhi

Name- Salmonella and Salmonella Enterica

Source- Eating foods that have been contaminated by feces

Food Link- Contaminated eggs, poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk or juice

Prevention- Keep eggs refrigerated. Throw away cracked or dirty eggs


  • E.Coli

    Name- Escherichia coli

    Source- If the infected meat is not cooked to 160°F

    Food Link- lettuce, alfalfa sprouts, or unpasteurized apple cider or other unpasteurized juices

    Prevention- Wash your hands thoroughly after going to the bathroom or changing diapers . Wash your hands thoroughly after handling animals, animal bedding, or any material contaminated with animal fecal matter


    Hepiatitis A

    Name- Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)

    Source- Eating infected food or water

    Food Link- Shellfish and polluted water

    Prevention- Wash after using the toilet, before preparing food or eating. Don't share towels, eating utensils or toothbrushes

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    Norovirus

    Name- Winter vomiting disease and Norovirus Caliciviradae

    Source- Infected people who have stool or vomit on their hands touch the food

    Food Link- Salads, sandwiches, ice, cookies, fruit

    Prevention- Wash fruits and vegetables and cook oysters and other shellfish thoroughly before eating them

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