devolved parliaments

what is devolution?

'the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by central government to local or regional administration'

for example its when laws are passed down

https://www.google.co.uk/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#safe=active&q=what+is+devolution

What laws apply in these parliaments/assemblies that don't apply in England

Scottish parliament - The Scottish Parliament is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood area of the capital city, Edinburgh, it is frequently referred to informally as "Holyrood".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Parliament

welsh assembly

The National Assembly for Wales is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales. The Assembly comprises 60 members, who are known as Assembly Members

northern Ireland assembly

The Northern Ireland Assembly is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland. It has power to legislate in a wide range of areas that are not explicitly reserved to theParliament of the United Kingdom, and to appoint the Northern Ireland Executive. It sits at Parliament Buildings at Stormont inBelfast.

advantages and disadvantages of developed parliament

Advantages

More localised representation of political views.
More localised spending of resource.
Offers more ability to target localised areas of needs and issues.
Offers more ability to recognise and respond to specific economic needs.

Disadvantages:
Increased layers of Government.(higher running costs)
Increased friction between opposing views of Devolved Governments and UK Governments.
Non devolved areas can feel under represented. This can lead to resentment between areas.
Devolved Governments work under the constraints of policies outwith their control.

Jake