Jane Goodall

"The more we learn of the true nature of non-human animals, especially those with complex brains and corresponding complex social behavior, the more ethical concerns are raised regarding their use in the service of man."

- Jane Goodall, Through a Window (1990)

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Summary of Research

Jane Goodall is known for having the first recorded observations of chimpanzees and their interactions with one another. She recorded that they ate meat, and created and used their own tools. She also concluded that they are an advanced species, and closely related to humans behaviorally. Goodall observed there were social classes and social systems within the habitats, also a "language" or a specific way of communicating with one another.

When & Where

Jane Goodall met anthropologist Louis Leakey on a trip to Kenya, and accompanied him as his secretary to an anthropologic dig in Tanzania, where he pointed out that she would be a good companion in his study of primates in the wild. In July of 1960, she travelled back to Africa with her mother and observed her first groups of chimpanzees. Later on in 1971, she published her first book, In The Shadow of Man, about her study of chimpanzees in the wild.


Goodall's work is significant because it opened our eyes and educated the public of the world around us. Her work made other scientists rethink the characteristics considered only for human beings, as she observed them in chimpanzees. Jane Goodall went on to become an activist and helped to set up sanctuaries in Africa for orphaned chimpanzees.