Italian immigration

by, Oved avitia

When and how many Italian immigrants came to the U.S

¨Between 1876 and 1930, out of the 5 million immigrants who came to the United States, 4/5 were from the South, representing such regions as Calabria, Campania, Abruzzi, Molise, and Sicily. ¨(Molnar)

Where did they work?

The Italian immigrants worked all over the us as fishermen, stevedores also in pits and mines digging coal and ore. They also worked as farmers and ranchers all over the country.

Big image

Why did they come?

¨Italian emigration was fueled by dire poverty. Life in Southern Italy, including the islands of Sicily and Sardinia, offered landless peasants little more than hardship, exploitation, and violence.¨(Wills)

How did they get to the us and were did they settle?

Italians had come to the us by ship and 96% of the immigrants had landed in New York. The three month journey to the us took around 10 days by steam ship. most immigrants were poverty stricken but familys had helper them get a boarding pass in third class or steerage in crowded and unsanitary conditions but the cheapest accommodations.
Big image

U.S policies or laws in effect during Italian immigration

Italian Immigration to America was restricted by the 1882 Immigration Act which restricted immigrants from Europe, making several categories of immigrants ineligible for entry and imposed a 'head tax' of 50 cents on all immigrants landing at US ports. The 1891 Immigration Act regulated immigration further introducing the inspection and deportation of immigrants. On January 1, 1892 Ellis Island immigration center was opened. (Alchin)

Influences the Italians had on the U.S

Small places were established called ¨Little Italy's¨ these places allowed the Italians to speak the same language and share the same culture with one another. This however slowed the rate of integration with the Americans and caused prejudice and discrimination.
Big image

How the U.S population received and/or treated the group

Prejudice and Discrimination followed the Italian Immigration to America. A wave of Nativism had spread across America with the policy of protecting the interests of native-born, established US residents against those of immigrants. The belief in Nativism was a prejudicial attitude towards immigrants based on their national origin, their ethnic background, their race or religion. The doctrine of Nativism in the United States resulted in a widespread attitude that rejected alien persons, or culture, and led to xenophobia, the irrational fear of foreigners leading to racism and ethnic conflict.