Air Sea Connection
Nicheal Wiley 10-9-15 2nd period
The Air We Breathe
- Oceans are the critical player in the basic elements we need to survive. Ocean plants produce half of the world's oxygen, then these amazing waters absorb nearly one-third of human-caused dioxide emissions.
- Oceans also regulate our regulate our weather and form the clouds that bring us fresh water.
- Cite Page: (www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/oceanscoasts/explore/five-reasons-we-are-all-connected-to-oceans.xm)
Winds Connected to the Ocean
- Winds drive surface ocean currents because global winds drag on the water's surface, causing it to move and build up in the direction that the wind is blowing.
- And just as the Coriolis effect deflects winds right off the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.
- There are five major ocean wide gyres- the North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, and Indian Ocean gyres. Each is flanked by a strong narrow "western boundary current", and a weak and broad "eastern boundary current"
- EX: The Gulf (powerful western boundary current in North Atlantic Ocean
- Cite Page: (oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/currents05currents3.html)
Weather Connected To The Ocean
- 94% of life on Earth is aquatic. That makes one land-dwellers a very small minority.
- About 70% of the planet is ocean, with an average depth if 12,400 feet. Given that photons (light) can;t penetrate more than 330 feet below the water's surface.
- Most of our planet is in a perpetual state of darkness.
- The deep sea is the largest museum of Earth: There are more artifacts and remnants of history in the ocean than in all ocean floor ( even the submerge half of the United States).
- Much of life in the oceans, as on land, is invisible to the naked eye. Instance, if you swallowed a millimeter of ocean water, know that you also gulped one million bacteria and 10 million viruses- give or take a few.
- No need to worry though, swimmers around the world swallow some of the ocean water during their ventures into the water, without ill effects.
- Cite Page: (www.motherearthnews.com/nature-and-environment/nature/fun-surprising-facts-about-the-oceans.aspx)
- The atmosphere affects the ocean and is in turn influenced by them. The action of winds blowing over the ocean surface creates waves and the great current systems of the oceans.
- When winds are strong enough to produce spray and whitecaps, tiny droplets of ocean water are thrown up into the atmosphere where some evaporate, leaving microscopic grains of salt buoyed by the turbulence of the air. These tiny particles may become nuclei for the condensation of water vapor to forms fogs and clouds.
- The oceans act upon the atmosphere in ways was not clearly understood to influence and modify the world's climate and weather systems.
- When water evaporates, heat is removed from the oceans and stored in the atmosphere by molecules of water vapor.
- Cite Page: (www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science/ocean-relationship-ocean-atmosphere.html)
Weather Connected To The Ocean
- The ocean plays an important role in shaping our climate and weather patterns.
- Warm ocean waters provide the energy to fuel storms that provide fresh water vital to all living things. Understanding and predicting precipitation is critical to farmers who decide which crops to plant, and how deep, based in part on soil moisture levels. Crop and Like food prices may increase when weather that is too wet or too dry adversely affects crops.
- Like precipitation, extreme heat and cold also affect livestock management.
- Weather prediction can be a life-saving tool. Aside from helping people prepare for catastrophic storms, prediction can help citizens and governments anticipate extreme hot and cold temperatures, which may cause death among the elderly.
- Hurricanes originate over the tropical regions of the ocean under conditions where high humidity, light winds, and warm sea surface temperatures combine.
- Cite Page:(oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/ocean_weather.html)